Side lights on some of the men who contribute to this issue
NEW NOTES ON OLD FRIENDS
IT WOULD be something of a task to find the angle of angling with which Ray Bergman is unfamiliar. OUTDOOR LIFE’S angling editor is a veteran fisherman, with thirty-five years' experience on the stream. And he’s still at it. Each year he gets into his automobile and travels steadily for three or four months for the single purpose of fishing as much new water as he can find.
"MEETING AT THE BAR" is not unknown among anglers, but it means something different at Square Lake, Me. That 9-mile-long lake has a 30-acre spot, known as “the bar,” where the water is only 4 ft. deep. Here is a large incubation ground of the mayfly.
A WILDLIFE SANCTUARY, even for migratory waterfowl, doesn't have to embrace an expanse of several thousand acres. Great success may be had on tracts of land much smaller. E. A. McIlhenny, famous Louisiana conservationist, and ex-governor Richard W. Leche of the same state, have completed an experiment proving that 20 acres of land is enough.
ANY SPORTSMAN'S SUBJECT YOU'RE INTERESTED IN ? WE PRINT AS MANY OF YOUR LETTERS AS WE CAN
Horns and Antelope
Defends Winter Fishing
Penalty for Carelessness
The More the Merrier
White's a Menace
Where Men Are Men
Food for Fishermen
Reduce License Fees!
There's Fire in Their Eyes
EDITOR Outdoor Life
ANSWERING Richard Beardsley and A. R. Brewton, concerning whether antelope shed their horns, I say they do. There are some 10,000 antelope within a 30-mile radius of my home, and all the bucks shed their horns every year. The antelope is the only hollow-horned animal in the world that sheds its horns.
There's no moment quite like this! Far back from the roads you reach a noble pool at the foot of a thundering waterfall, where the trout are rising with lazy swirls. Quick! On with the fly before the rise is over!
IT'S SURPRISING TO FIND GOOD SPORT AND A REAL WILDERNESS IN OUR MOST CROWDED STATE
Eugenics in Fish Culture
LOOK around you. Would you believe that you are in the most thickly settled state in the Union?" My friend, Jack, had stopped his car on the brow of a low hill. There are no high hills in Rhode Island. Around us stretched a country that was mostly forest—pine, oak, maple, and hickory.
There they were, five bighorn sheep moving temptingly across the fortresslike plateau; the only problem was to get within range
PAUL W. GARTNER
CAL and I debated our problem while Scotty, our prospective guide, counted off September and October days on a huge calendar. We had been thinking and talking sheep hunting ever since we conceived this trip into British Columbia. But now, as we idled away an afternoon in a woodsman’s cabin north and west of Robson Peak, the time element seemed to have us stopped.
He should have been fixing the fence, but he took a day off instead, and found that plinking at rabbits is all it's cracked up to be
FRED G. BRANDENBURG
THE melancholy days had come again in Colorado. Fishing season was over and the short duck season was still a long way off. Of course, there was the lawn to mow, the bulbs to dig and store away, the trees to trim, and the fence to repair. But somehow the crisp autumnal breeze, from the already snow-covered mountains to the west, made all these small tasks seem like drudgery.
Big Bill Caywood, wise in the ways of the savage, cattle-killing lobos, was so good at his job that there's almost no job left
Glacier Bay Monument Enlarged
ARTHUR HAWTHORNE CARHART
DID YOU ever sit under a cottonwood tree and talk, face to face, with a tradition? Maybe it's impossible. But I came very close to doing it the afternoon Big Bill Caywood talked about wolves. For Bill is almost a tradition among men of the United States Biological Survey and people of the big-ranch country of the West.
This man's theories fly in the face of tradition, but he's proved their worth by many a full creel
THE first trout I ever caught was so much bigger than a sunfish that I took him home by a roundabout way, through the main street of the village. I wanted the people to know that I had caught a real fish. It swung from a willow switch, all ten inches of it, and its tail dragged the ground as I strode along in my baggy overalls and bare feet.
WHAM! The dude sportsman's view of the distant white splotch on the mountain side is momentarily lost, as the recoil sets him back. “Deader’n a smoked salmon!” exclaims the surprised guide in appreciation, as the white splotch that is a mountain goat staggers and then collapses.
They sat around a fire in the middle of the river— and how those fish did bite
IT WAS midnight in Idaho, and black as tabby's interior. I was sitting in the middle of Snake River, playing with a stick. The seat was comfortable. Lazily I leaned back, extended my feet toward the crackling birch fire, and enjoyed the silent companion-ship of my two friends, on the opposite side of the blaze . . . kinda dozed. . . .
Hints on what to do, and what not to do, by a trainer who knows his business—and who knows how easy it is to wreck the work of months
IT TAKES only a few minutes for a careless hunter to ruin a bird dog on which he has spent from seventy-five to a hundred dollars for training. Here’s one way of doing it: The hunter, as soon as bird season opens, takes his dog, which is anywhere from twelve to twenty-four months old, and joins four or five other hunters.
Here's the authoritative answer, by a curator of reptiles, to a question outdoorsmen often ask
-KEY TO MAP OF DANGEROUSLY VENOMOUS SNAKES
CARL F. KAUFFELD
SNAKES are more misunderstood, have been the source of more legend and wild fancy, and are probably less generally known than any other form of our wildlife. In an article I wrote for OUTDOOR LIFE, the statement was made that there are thirty-two species of poisonous snakes within the United States.
THIS MAGIC ARROYO HAD ALL THE CONVENIENCES OF A CARNIVAL SHOOTING GALLERY, PLUS BEER, SANDWICHES—AND LIVE BIRDS!
NEARLY all American shotgun fans have read of English squires shooting driven game. You know how it is—the gunners sit leisurely about, sipping stout or ’arf ’nd’ ’arf, while the tenantry beats up pheasants, grouse, or partridges. When birds fly over the gunners shoot; when they don’t they refresh themselves.
HE WAS ON FURLOUGH, AND LOOKING FOR EXCITEMENT, BUT THAT FRENZIED HERD OF ELEPHANTS WASN'T IN THE BARGAIN
W. S. THOM
YOU can't shoot big game in a hurry. To have a successful shoot, you must be able to give at least two or three months to it. Fortunately for me, the three months' leave from government service to which I am entitled every three years, comes at the beginning of the rainy season in May.
Eskimo belles of Alaska follow a system all their own, but it works
MY FATHER was an ardent fisherman, and I was brought up to regard the sport as sacred to the male of the species. His vacations were devoted to mountain trout, with a stag dinner and poker party ending each holiday; and occasionally a few fish were left over for the family if he had been lucky.
NEW GAME LAWS FOR UNITED STATES AND CANADA—1939-40
NEW GAME LAWS
OPEN SEASONS FOR BIG AND UPLAND GAME, UNITED STATES AND CANADA, 1939-1940
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
The TEN COMMANDMENTS OF SAFETY
PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND
Niagara Falls Swan Trap
POLAR BEAR, WOLF, WOLVERINE, COYOTE, MARMOT, SQUIRREL...... ......no close season CARIBOU North of Yukon River......no close season South of Yukon River......Aug. 20 to Dec. 31 DEER (male, with horns not less than 3 inches above skull)
MANY sportsmen would like to add flight pictures of upland game birds or waterfowl to their pictorial record of days afield. But with ordinary equipment this is something of a trick. Even with much practice it takes a couple of seconds to locate the speeding bird on the ground glass or in the finder, and to trip the camera release; and during those precious seconds the potential picture can change from an exceptional close-up to a small image perhaps fifty or a hundred feet away.
AS I walked over the sunny, cedar-dotted hill, on my way to the river where I was to fish, a startled buck mule deer, lurking in a clump of trees, leaped into the open, and darted away. With stiff-legged jumps, he dashed at top speed toward a wire fence, which ran along the foot of the hill.
MAYBE I shouldn't call myself a big-game hunter because I have never shot anything larger than deer. But I do know deer hunting pretty well, particularly woods hunting. I started to hunt deer nearly 48 years ago in the swamps of Arkansas, where I passed several winters.
A NEW .22 SHORT. The boy brought out a Winchester Model 74 rifle, an automatic designed exclusively for the .22 short cartridge. In appearance and weight, the rifle looked good enough to rival any other .22 automatic on the market, and at a little better than half price.
MANY A DEER HUNTER PUTS HIS FAITH IN DR. HORNADAY'S FAMOUS FORMULA; BUT IN THESE TESTS IT DIDN'T WORK
WILLIAM MONYPENY NEWSOM
IF YOU ASK nearly anyone you know, you will find that he has been brought up in the belief that an ostrich tries to hide by burying its head in the sand. Of course, no ostrich ever did such silly thing; but the notion has come down to us from the days of Marco Polo, and we keep right on talking about it.
IN ORDER to hit and kill consistently with a shotgun it is necessary to have correct patterns. However, most shooters assume that their guns will shoot the percentage that they are bored for, with any shell or load. Unfortunately this is not true; no gun will pattern the same with different loads, and with different sizes of shot.
Question: I have a Browning 16 gauge automatic and, for the past 2 years, I have been having trouble with the safety while hunting quail. Several times during each hunt, while I have been raising the gun to shoot, it goes off prematurely, due to the fact that the safety is so close to the trigger.
THE government literature describing the 1917 Enfield says the rear sight is of the aperture type. It might be added that, once lined up, it is hard to knock out of alignment. Then the virtues of the sight would be pretty well summed up. When I became the owner of one of the rifles, it shot 18 in. high at 200 yd.
Question: Recently, I read an article dealing with the deflection of bullets in brush. After several tests, the author seems to have arrived at the conclusion that high-velocity bullets, such as the .257 Roberts and .270 Winchester, have a much lower rate of deflection than a heavier and slower bullet.
SKEET has done more to make shooters gun-fit conscious than all the years of field shooting ever did. There have always been a few field shots who studied their stock dimensions carefully and experimented with different drops, cast-offs, and pitches in order to make their guns easier to point.
IN NO OTHER class of boats will one find so many different types as among those used for hunting. Almost every section has its distinct model, developed over long years to suit conditions there. In one place a good sea boat may be required because of open water stretches; in another the shoalest possible draft will be necessary.
OBTAIN a 30-ft. piece of rope of a size that will barely fit the holes in the canoe-seat frame. Take a length of thin wire, about 1 ft. long, run 2 in. of the wire into the core of the rope at one end. Now, holding the wire with a pair of pliers, twist it tightly about the end of the rope to form a “needle” about 3 in. long.
IN OUR fathers' day, it was customary at the beginning of winter to run the automobile inside the garage, jack up the wheels, and leave the car until warm weather again appeared. Modern engineering has changed all this, but boats are still treated in the same old way.
SCATTERED throughout the country are many small creeks and ponds. From the angler's viewpoint some of them are not worth noticing. But others will surprise you if you take the trouble to investigate them. You may catch fish therein that will test both your skill and your tackle.
Question: I am undecided whether to buy high waders or hip boots. Can you tell me the advantages and disadvantages of each?—A. C., Ill. Answer: The type of wader or boot you should buy depends entirely on the waters you fish. On the West coast, when fishing for steel-head, you need armpit-length waders and hobnail brogans.
MANY bass anglers neglect their terminal tackle. Even when fishing low, clear water they use a short, coarse leader strong enough to hold tarpon. Perhaps bass aren’t so wary as trout; perhaps they can’t distinguish between a leader calibrating .013 and one measuring .018; it is even possible that sloppy fishing does not affect results.
IT IS NOW generally admitted that the sport of salt-water fishing has outgrown its infancy. It has shed its swaddling clothes and its tendency to say “ga-ga” (though some of its patrons exhibit a trend in that direction) and struggles to stand upon its own feet.
THE WEATHER was wet; the woods were wet; we were wet. It had rained steadily since 9 o'clock that morning, as it had rained every morning on each of the four days of canoeing behind us. We were tired of rain—yet we had suffered no actual discomfort.
TO ESTIMATE how much more day-light you can count on, face the setting sun and stretch your arms full length in front of you. With your right hand held at right angles to the sun’s rays, sight over index finger at the sun’s lower rim. Hold your left hand below the right, extending as many fingers as are needed to conceal the sky between sun and horizon.
Question: Two friends and myself expect to rough it for about 3 weeks. We expect to take some fresh meat along. What kind of meat would you suggest? And what would you suggest we do to keep it from spoiling?—F. J. S., Ohio. Answer: The only way to keep fresh meat from spoiling is to process or salt it and then, of course, it ceases to be fresh meat.
THERE is a wealth of romance connected with cooking over an open fire, but, all too often, poor wood and soot-covered pots spoil its charm. Moreover, the time of the year when most of us go camping, sparks from such a hearth create a fire hazard. For most outdoors cooking, and especially in permanent camps, where packing an outfit in and supplying it with fuel isn’t a serious problem, the liquid-fuel stove offers a convenient solution.
IF YOU should break the handle of your favorite hunting knife, or pick up a good knife with a damaged or badly fitting haft, you can very easily make a new handle that will rival any factory product. One of the simplest and most durable handles is made from a single piece of hard wood, with a lengthwise hole through it.
FOR the convenience of surf fishermen, a simple, yet practical bait table, and seat, can be made which are light, and easy to carry. Such a table can be set up in a moment, and will serve for cutting bait, and for holding a rod upright when the angler has landed a fish, or has other things to attend to.
THEORETICALLY we might expect a large percentage of OUTDOOR LIFE readers to be people who live in the country. But the letters that come to my desk each month prove that a goodly number are city dwellers who have only occasional opportunities to visit the great open spaces—or even the comparatively small ones.
Dr. Kinney is glad to answer personally all letters from readers regarding their dogs’ health. It should be remembered when writing him that serious illnesses cannot be treated successfully by a person unable to examine the dog. In such instances, a dependable local veterinarian should be consulted immediately.
Question: After the setter has located a bird and points, does the dog flush them or does the hunter do this himself?—A. H. T., New York. Answer: The procedure when a dog has located and pointed his game is up to the trainer and handler. Some gunners, especially those hunting in heavy cover, prefer to send the dog in to flush on command, thus allowing the man with the gun to place himself in a favorable position for a shot.