JUNE is the start of the vacation season. Now is the time to plan what you want to do, where you want to go, and what to take with you. The way you’ll travel also is important. If you’re going some distance, the amount of time you’ll save by going by train or boat is an item, when you have only two weeks for your holiday.
The Great Smoky Mountains National Park, situated in Tennessee and North Carolina, is one of the finest scenic sections of the United States. To add to the attractions of this mountain wilderness, there is good trout fishing in many of the streams within the park.
THE Salmon River comes into the Beaver Flow, in Herkimer County, N. Y., from the north. For the man who can pitch a tent and rough it, there is some pretty good trout fishing in that vicinity. A trail starts at the mouth of the Salmon, and runs north along the river. About a mile from the Flow the trail branches.
THE Tabusintac River crosses the road between Bathurst and New Castle, N. B. About 25 miles from Bathurst, there are three small pools that offer free salmon fishing. These are west of the Bathurst road, but all of the Tabusintac east of that road is leased to the Tabusintac Club from a point just above tide water to the Bathurst road.
CRANBERRY Lake in St. Lawrence County, N. Y. has good trout fishing from about July 1 on. This is the largest lake in the Adirondacks, and, if you go to the right sections, the fishing is satisfactory. East of Cranberry Lake is Tupper Lake, which contains some fine walleyed pike, Northern pike, and lake trout.
CHINCOTEAGUE ISLAND and Oyster, Va., are, in my opinion, the best bets in Virginia for surf fishing. Nags Head and Oregon Inlet, N.C., have channel bass and bluefish in immense quantities. You can take them by surf fishing and from boats, though the latter is the more successful method.
MASON Lake at Briggsville, Wis., has good fishing for Northern pike, large-mouth bass, crappie, and pan fish. Some of the largest Northern pike in Wisconsin are caught there, hundreds of them weighing from 8 to 15 lb. Trolling with a 6 to 8-in minnow, or casting with plugs is effective.
A CANOEING and fishing trip in the Superior National Forest of Minnesota is a pleasant outing, as none of the portages are bad, all of them are marked, and most of them have been cleared. All of the travel north, northeast, and northwest of Winton, Minn., is by canoe, for there are no roads.
THERE are several good trout streams in Cameron County, Pa., easily reached from Emporium. Sinnamahoning Creek from Emporium to Driftwood, along Route 120, has fine brown and brooktrout fishing. Many smaller streams flow into it—Hunts Run at Cameron, Sterling Run at Sterling Run, and several above Emporium.
All streams tributary to the Mississagi River in Ontario furnish excellent trout fishing. In addition, one will also find in that country lots of bass, lake trout, pike, pickerel, and muskies. Iron Bridge is a good spot from which to enter that section.
FOR good, easily accessible fishing, where a man can take his family and get all the comforts without any sacrifice in the quality of his sport, I don’t know of any better place than the Belgrade Lakes section of Maine. There are six lakes in the chain.
THE long seacoast of New Jersey, with its many indentations, is one of the choicer sections for salt water fish, and yearly many anglers seek it for excellent sport. The estimate is made that these sport fishermen number more than a million, about half of whom come from other states.
SALMON fishing was good in Nova Scotia during 1936. The report to the Nova Scotia Fish and Game Protective Association, at its annual meeting, showed a decided increase over 1935 in the number of fish taken. The figures given refer only to fish taken with rod and line.
THE Salmon River country of Idaho is one of the few remaining stretches of real wilderness left within the United States. Here is a wide expanse of mountains, streams, lakes and valleys just about as primeval as when Lewis and Clark made their famous journey.
THERE are many places in Montana where honest-to-goodness trout fishing can be found. The Madison River, in the vicinity of Ennis, is excellent. There are plenty of large trout. In this stream are rainbows, Loch Levens, and a few Montana grayling.
THERE is excellent bass and wall-eye fishing in the French River, running west out of Lake Nipissing. Several camps along that waterway offer accommodations. I have fished extensively in Ontario, but I’ve found no better sport anywhere than in Bass, McDonald, Beland, Rabbit, Pike, and other lakes around Montreal River, Ont.
THERE is as good bass and pike fishing around Clayton, N.Y., as there is in the State. This fishing is in the Saint Lawrence River, and there are also walleyes and muskies to be found there. Until one knows the water, he should have a guide, and an outboard motor is a necessity, due to the current.
JAMAICA, the British island in the Caribbean Sea, is making a bid for recognition in the big-game-fishing spotlight. Blue marlin are there, for Eddie Jacobs, a winter visitor from New York, caught one weighing 150 lb. off the California bank, near Kingston, in January.
THERE are so many good lakes in the southern part of Michigan that it is hard to make a selection. The fish may hit well in one lake today, and in another tomorrow. At Cassopolis is Diamond Lake, the largest lake in the southern part of the State.
LAKE Panasoffkee, Fla., is certainly a wonderful lake for big-mouth bass. It is not widely known, therefore not fished out, as are some lakes near resorts popular with Northerners. The lake is about two miles wide and eight miles long, draining into the Withlacoochee River, which in turn empties into the Gulf of Mexico.
ACCORDING to government report, cougar are quite numerous on Vancouver Island, and more of them are killed on the island yearly than in any other section of British Columbia. Wolves are increasing, and bounties have been paid for their destruction in various portions of the island.
NORTH of Cohasset, Minn., there is some fine fishing. I have found Bass Lake good for pike and bass, and Deer Lake good for muskies and pike. At Lake Winnibegoshish, about 15 miles west of Deer River, there are both fine fishing and good accommodations.
THERE are two really good streams for brown trout and rainbows in Chittenden County, in northwestern Vermont. The Huntington River, from Huntington to Jonesville, is an all-season stream and good for fly-fishing. Rainbows are the fish there.
PERHAPS the surest place in Maine for large fish and plenty of them is at Moosehead Lake, for many years famous among anglers. In this beautiful, large body of water are landlocked salmon, brook trout, and lake trout. There are streams near-by, among them the Moose River, that afford excellent flyfishing for trout.
WITH the approach of summer, efforts will be resumed in many parts of the country to eliminate the mosquito by destroying its breeding grounds or rendering them unattractive. Sportsmen, though they recognized the value of such mosquito-control work and are as eager as anyone to have the pest exterminated, grow apprehensive every time a new control project is undertaken.
THE Conservation Commission of West Virginia has announced a contribution for prizes for predator destruction in vermin control contests, conducted by sportsmen’s clubs in the state. The Commission will give $40 toward prizes in each county.
THE Migratory Bird Conservation Commission has approved the acquisition by the U. S. Bureau of Biological Survey of 133,184 acres of land, distributed among 34 migratory-bird and upland-game refuges. These refuges are located in New York, Texas, Virginia, Delaware, Utah, North Dakota, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Wyoming, Florida, Missouri, Washington, Minnesota, Iowa, Mississippi, Georgia, and New Mexico.
In silence broken only by the murmuring haste of the stream as it winds down from the fir-crested solitude of Montana's mountains, an angler takes a trout from Flathead River — as fishermen everywhere dream of taking these wary fighters
WHEN the trout season rolls around, an angler expects the world to make concessions. It’s all right for the wind to howl all winter long, and for rain to fall without let-up, but, as soon as it’s legal to flip a fly over a rainbow, the wind and the rain ought to call quits.
This Tenderfoot, on His First Deer Hunt, Had to Remind Himself it Was Fun, but You'll Not Need a Reminder to Get a Laugh from His Yarn
ROBERT LE VITRE
WHEN we made camp at Shinglemill Flat, I figured the best thing I could do was try to learn something about this deer-hunting business. There were a lot of old-timers camped on the flat; I was just a beginner. The season opened next day, so I’d better get some information while the getting was good.
There are matchless thrills in store for the angler who sets out for lake trout in summer, once he learns where to find them, a trick this absorbing article will help him master
Weather and Fish
WHEN an angler has fished for a certain species for twenty years, he gets to know that particular fish almost as well as a hunter knows his dogs. Sometimes he even gets to thinking like it. At the very least, he discovers some useful facts on how, when, and where to fish, and what tackle to use.
If there is any lingering doubt that sportsmen are a great race, this appealing yarn of unselfish hunting ought to prove the case
Crows Get Around
ARTHUR HAWTHORNE CARHART
THE mountain highway ends at Troutville. Beyond this point, the Colorado Rockies rise high and ragged around the Mount of the Holy Cross. A ten-minute hike puts a hunter on deer range. It was at Troutville that Ralph Engelbrecht met me as I stopped the car beside the log-walled store.
They may make you feel like a tyro the first time you meet them, but you will never forget the tricky fight put up by these mighty trout
I HAD heard that steelheads, once you catch one, have a way of becoming an obsession, but I didn’t believe it. I had fished too many years and experienced too many thrills, I thought, to become unduly excited over sea-run rainbows. That was before I caught one.
Concluding the African hunt on which he took some of the finest big game trophies the country offers, an American hunter turns to the rarer antelopes, and writes here of the adventurous sport he encountered while trailing them
HARRY C. PEARSON
"IT WILL be a long, hard trip,” said Pat Ayre, my white hunter. “We’ll have to cross the Karoli desert, and climb Mount Kulal. That means eighty miles across sand and up a mountain.” “But a greater koodoo is worth it,” I insisted. “Well worth it,” granted Pat.
ON A calendar above my desk is a colored picture of a barefoot boy, possibly ten years old. He is rigged out in overalls, rolled to the knees, a tattered shirt, straw hat, and freckles. He is carrying an alder pole, a tomato can, presumably full of worms, and a jag of brook trout that should have dislocated his arm.
Chafing at inaction forced on him by close seasons on game, this sportsman found for himself, and the world, the exciting all-year sport of photographing wildlife
THE man who originated the sport of wildlife photography first substituted a camera for his rifle forty-seven years ago because he wanted to go hunting, and couldn’t wait for the opening of the deer season. George Shiras, 3d, comes of a Pittsburgh, Pa., family of sportsmen who have fished and hunted on the south shore of Lake Superior for the last eighty-seven years.
Here in an entertaining way a veteran tells how to take the back ache and risks out of travel in a craft built to please as well as serve
E. O. HUMPHRIES
WHY so many sportsmen insist on using cumbersome rowboats or skiffs, instead of the lighter and more graceful canoe, has long been a mystery to me. The comfort, convenience, and ease of handling a canoe, contrasted with the discomforts and disadvantages of the rowboat in many situations, give the lighter craft all the better of it, in my opinion.
When the Little Woman Asks to be Taken Fishing, That's Great News to a Confirmed Angler, and, When He Gets Her Lost in a Fog on Her First Trip, That Makes a Yarn You'll Enjoy Reading
Foundling Doe Makes Odd Friend
YEARS ago, a philosopher, steeped in his wisdom, remarked, “Women are funny.” So far as I’m concerned, that leaves no room for argument. When my wife asked me to take her salmon trolling, I nearly swallowed a large hook I was holding in my mouth.
Because his unique method for breaking in rifles aroused so much controversy when he revealed it on these pages several months ago, an outstanding gunsmith is given an opportunity in this article to defend the treatment he advocates, and a chance to explain in detail the benefits he claims for it
Okefenokee Now A Haven
JAMES V. HOWE
WHEN I described in the February issue Of OUTDOOR LIFE a quick method for seasoning rifle barrels, I was reopening, it now seems, a subject in which multitudes of rifle shooters have a lively interest. The method is simplicity itself, consisting merely of firing forty rounds in rapid succession to heat the barrel, and then pouring through it water at sixty-five degrees Fahrenheit in which fifteen to twenty percent of common table salt has been dissolved.
Any man who looks upon his hunting dog as something more than just a beast to do his chores will relish this dramatic account of a youngster that had a lot to learn but came through in a pinch like a veteran
Alaskan Goats and Sheep
DEAR BLUE: Hello, you ornery old octogenarian! There have been a lot of fleas running over my back since the last time I said hello to you. I’ve been on a couple nice trips with the boss, and have seen a few more of the wonders of this world, and my rheumatism is getting no better fast.
Investigators at the only hatchery of its kind in the world probe the secrets of fish diet, and find that strange and little-known foods are needed by browns and rainbows to keep them in fighting trim
THEY were giving the trout orange juice on the morning I visited the only fish farm of its kind on earth, the Cortland, N. Y., Experimental Hatchery. Operated under the joint direction of the U. S. Bureau of Fisheries, Cornell University, and the Conservation Department of the State of New York, it devotes itself exclusively to the study of nutrition in trout.
Slinking through the night to wreak its slaughter, a mystery beast lures a group of desperate hunters a memorable chase
C. BLACKBURN MILLER
OUR red-headed teamster, Jesus, was the first to see the mad wolf. He had been freighting supplies back to the ranch from Comstock. “Senor,” he said, his dark face pallid with fright, “I come from Comstock. I have the letters, the beans, and the bacon.
When brown trout are gorging at their annual feast, any novice should be able to take them, but there's many a slip between hook and net, as these anglers found
"THE hatch begins when the whippoorwills start calling,” said Walt, as we unloaded our tackle in the gray half light of evening. Our car was parked on a high bank above the Boardman, Michigan’s famous brown-trout river, where I was to try my hand at caddis-fly fishing for the first time.
This Author Got Tired of All Those Arguments About the Speed of White-tails and Took His Stop Watch to Find Out Who Was Right. You'll Get a Surprise When You Read What He Discovered
WILLIAM MONYPENY NEWSOM
THERE were six of us on the porch of a deer camp one morning. Toward the lake below us was a clearing, filled with old stumps, birch sprouts, and low bushes. As we watched, a little doe which had become the camp pet appeared at the far end of the clearing, and stopped for a moment to look up toward the camp.
WELL, gun bugs, here's your man. If you don't already know him, you ought to hang your head. If you do, you know he writes the liveliest, soundest gun stuff that's published, and has been doing it for thirty years at least. His name, of course, is Capt. E. C. Crossman, and from now on he will air his forceful views on all kinds of guns and all kinds of shooting only in his monthly article in OUTDOOR LIFE
An expert tells how you can be sure your stop and speed are right when the light is tricky
ALFRED P. LANE
"SINCE buying a camera some time ago, I’ve been searching for all the information I can get on how to take finer pictures. I’ve discovered a lot of things about posing a subject, choosing a background, and even the use of cloud filters. But, so far as I’m concerned, none of the information does me much good.
YEARS ago I thought that plug fishing was a matter of chance. I had the idea that you simply cast, and kept on casting. If you were lucky a fish hit your plug. If you were unlucky, they didn’t. While a certain percentage of luck does enter into plug fishing, as it does in any other method, I have found since those early days that consistently successful plug fishing requires just as much good judgment and skill as fly-fishing.
Question: For many years, I have contended that fish would take certain flies under certain conditions, and that it was up to the man with the rod to find out just what color was suitable for the day, or for the hour of the day. In a recent discussion with some friends, they put this question to me: "Would it not be possible for individual fish to have at all times a strong preference for certain colors, and that the day or conditions would have nothing to do with it?” What is your opinion?—F. C. D., New York.
TAKE a good, firm section from an ordinary cane pole about 1 in. in diameter and cut diagonally. In the flat end, insert a cork and cement it. In the tapered end, make a small hole, just large enough for the line or leader to pass through freely.
WE SEEM to have progressed in our methods of fishing for bass since the middle of the last century. This conclusion is based on an angling manual which was printed in New York in 1850. The man who compiled the information contained in the work was John J. Brown, who conducted a store specializing on fishing tackle and hardware in New York.
FOR the fisherman who likes to make accessories that add to the enjoyment of his sport, a minnow box will be found useful. The box corresponds to the old live box used by live-bait fishermen to insure a constant supply of fresh water for minnows, eels, and shrimp.
THE spring floods of 1936 played havoc with fly hatches. On Eastern streams that were badly washed, I saw fewer flies than I ever remember. On streams which were void of loose stones and which had well-sodded or rooted banks, the fly hatches were, if anything, a bit better than normal.
PRESENT-DAY ocean sport fishing is almost entirely the result of a long series of experiments. In the beginning, there was nothing to go on, for fresh-water fishing afforded little precedent. I know of no other outdoor activity that offers a bigger opportunity for the man who seeks greater knowledge through his own findings.
ABLACK marlin of 672 lb., caught off Bermagui last winter, is the largest game fish ever taken by an anglerin Australian waters. Large black marlin also were caught in many other locations both north and south of Sydney on the coast of New South Wales, and off Sydney Heads just outside of Sydney Harbor.
SAINT PETERSBURG tarpon roundup, an annual fixture, opened May 15 and runs to August 1. STRIPED-BASS RECORD for the Pacific coast is 72 lb. The fish was caught on rod and reel in the Russian River in Sonoma County, Cal., in 1926. NEW WORLD’S RECORD for amberjack verified at 106 lb. off Pass-a-Grille, Saint Petersburg, Fla., March 21, 1937, by Harvey M. Harker, of Saint Louis, a member of the Saint Petersburg Anglers Club, with Capt. Kenneth Merry as guide.
IN THE last few years, the American shooter has become more sight-conscious, as improved equipment now on nearly all rifles proves, but most shooters still are inclined to take their rifle with the equipment that comes on it. They appreciate the gold bead in front, and may specify the peep sight for the rear, but that is as far as they go.
Question: Do American gun manufacturers now produce their own tubes, or are they still dependent on foreign manufacturers for the rough tubes?—E. A. W., Mass. Answer: Previous to the World War, many shotgun barrels were furnished by Krupps, of Germany, but not since that time.
Question: Please tell me on what game the .30/40 Krag, the Model 30S Remington .30/06, and the Model 35 Remington automatic are most effective.—T. B. L., Id. Answer: The Krag and the Model 30S Remington are effective on all kinds of American big game.
EVER since guns equipped with compensators became popular on the skeet field, there have been protests against the use of the devices, and even talk of barring them from competition. As there seems to be considerable lack of information on the subject, it may be time to state the case without fear or favor.
Question: Our club is still shooting the old system of skeet, but we are going to change to the new system very soon. Do you have a booklet that would give the leads on every station? I have been reading the articles in Outdoor Life on skeet, and have a fair idea of the new system, but would like something I could refer to from time to time.—C. E. W., Id.
BOAT owners who have not yet taken a long cruise are overlooking one of their most enjoyable privileges. It is doubtful whether any other diversion can take a person so completely out of the humdrum of everyday care as voyaging down a cool, sun-bathed lake or stream in a comfortable craft that can head immediately to almost any point the skipper’s fancy dictates.
Question : I own a four-cylinder Star speedboat, which has been used in salt water. I intend to use it on a lake. I have been told that, when a boat is taken from salt water and put in fresh water, the water jackets clog. If this is so, will you kindly tell me what can be done to prevent it?—J. F., Conn.
THE best way I have found to hold a canoe in place on top of a car is to use two old inner tubes. Tie a piece of rope to each end, throw the tubes over the canoe, and tie ropes to any solid part of car, or to bumpers. There is never any slack in this hitch, and the canoe always stays where you place it.—Guy F. Lindsay, Vt.
ROUGHING it can be fun or grief; it all depends on the way you do it. Many persons take to the woods who don’t know, or if they do know ignore, the first principles of comfort, happiness, and safety in camp life. The person who wants the freedom and thrill of taking his home with him on his back should take a little time, before starting, to learn what to do and how to do it.
Question: Can you give me a good recipe for making pemmican?—A. B., Col. Answer: A favorite recipe for homemade pemmican is 5 lb. of lean dried beef, 4 lb. of fat, rendered from suet, ½ lb. of brown sugar, ½ lb. of seeded raisins. Grind the meat up fine, and mix with sugar and raisins.
AN EMERGENCY camp bed that is both warm and comfortable can be made by first digging a pit 3 ft. wide, 6 in. deep, and of sufficient length for the individual sleeper, and then covering it with small limbs of green willow or other flexible wood.
EDITING the dog department of OUTDOOR LIFE is about the easiest job on earth, almost as simple as isolating the germ that causes housemaid’s knee, locating Capt. Kidd’s buried treasure, or convincing your better two thirds she had a hand bag full of horseshoes when you and she ambled down the aisle to the parson.
Question: My 2½-year-old springer spaniel has been boarded out for the past year because of his barking. I now wish to bring him home. Is there any way in which I can stop his barking?—W.S., Mich. Answer: Persistent barking is a rather hard habit to break.
Dr. Hermann is glad to answer personally all letters from readers regarding their dogs’ health. It should be remembered when writing him that serious illnesses cannot be treated successfully by a person unable to examine the dog. In such instances, a dependable local veterinarian should be consulted immediately.
BEING something of a gun crank, I always read with special interest the Arms and Ammunition Department by Maj. Askins. It would be presumptuous to take exception to any statement Maj. Askins may make, but I do feel he left a wrong impression in his answer to an inquiry from H. H. in regard to the .348 Winchester. Maj. Askins says, “This rifle is as powerful as the .30/06.”