T. V. M., PA.:—I have always considered the first two weeks in July the best time of all others for muskellunge fishing in the northern lakes and rivers. Then they should be rising if they are fished for hard and the proper methods used. I would suggest for lures, at this time, the regular-sized Bass-Oreno, in the white body with a red head.
CERTAIN magazines, after maintaining a discreet silence about the U. S. Biological Survey for some time, have simultaneously burst out with exhortations to the sporting public which are in substance a paraphrase of Stephen Decatur's famous sentence.
TIME is probably more generous and healing to an angler than to any other individual. The wind, the sun, the open, the colors and smells, the loneliness of the sea or the solitude of the stream work some kind of magic. In a few days my disappointment at losing a wonderful fish was only a memory, another incident of angling history.
To JACK MINER, KINGSVILLE, ONT., AND ’GENE M. SIMPSON, CORVALLIS, ORE.
The Outdoor Life Award Committee for 1929
WE HAVE reached that point in fishing and hunting in the United States where the great mass of anglers and hunters must begin to expect lighter creels and game bags unless there is a vast improvement in fish and game propagation methods, and ways and means instituted to remedy loss of wild life from natural and manmade causes.
A GOOD deal has been written about wild game in a forest fire, and about wild game in flood time; but comparatively few observations have been recorded concerning the situation in which birds and animals find themselves during a period of prolonged drought, such as many of our states have lately experienced.
THE Devil Dog Hills are located about 10 miles southwest of the town of Williams, Ariz., through which runs the main line of the Santa Fe Railway. They are, in fact, the foothills of Bill Williams Mountain. Dink Smith owned a stock ranch in the northern edge of the Devil Dog Hills.
Mr. Clark’s fascinating story of a journey, never made in its entirety by a white man since Marco Polo made his amazing trip 700 years ago, began in the September issue, in which number he told of his preparations for the realization of a life dream and gave a graphic description of “the roof of the world” as Marco Polo named it.
AS CAR and trailer rolled to a stop beside the ferry, three eager duck hunters shot the same question at the boatman: “Any shooters started down this morning ahead of us?” We waited anxiously for his reply. A fellow hates to be second or third after staying up half the night in order to get an early start.
IT WAS plainly a case of Mahomet and the mountain. If during this driest autumn on record along the Pacific slope, the blacktails just would not come down to old haunts of other years, then surely it was a case of go up to the blacktails. The slashings had proved a “washout,” as we used to say in the Army —mostly does and little fellows, and educated locals at that—and a lot of our old stamping grounds, where we hunted in earlier years In the green timber, were now in new slash—sad, sad sight to a hunter!
WELL, boys, you sure can get em up there!" So exclaimed a newcomer as he squatted on a burnt log near the camp fire, chewing viciously on a quid of tobacco. “Catch what? Up where?” I asked in a bored tone. Fish chatter had been flowing rather profusely during the past hour, and at length I had become almost nonreceptive to what was being told as the truth.
IF YOU’RE a duck hunter, you know what I’m talking about. You’ve sat in a blind throughout the long day, from light till darkness, with only a sheldrake to waste a shot on, and you’ve watched the day creep into the gathering west, and, man! how you’ve wished for blacks!
SERIOUS INCREASE OF TROUBLESOME RODENTS IS A RESULT
LOSS TO NATIONAL FORESTS
PROTESTS FROM NATURALISTS AND SCIENTIFIC ORGANIZATIONS
THE HARM FAR MORE WIDESPREAD THAN THE OPERATIONS OF THE BIOLOGICAL SURVEY
THE Biological Survey, a bureau of the United States Department of Agriculture, has been for years carrying on in the western United States the destruction of wild birds and animals on an enormous scale by poisoning and trapping, on the claim that they are injurious to agriculture and stock raising.
A PERFECT fall day out in Oregon, 10 a. m., game all around us, pheasant bag already full—what would any hunter of sound mind and legs do, with all the rest of the day ahead of him? It didn’t take us long to decide—my hunterwife and I. When we first arrived in Klamath Falls the day before, we debated between pheasant and quail.
BILL and I had hen chaperoning a bunch of cattle all summer on Camas Prairie and the Forest Reserve on the head of Lime Creek (in Elmore County, Idaho), had worked hard, and were about fed up on this thing of living on bacon, beans, and sour dough bread, varied occasionally with a grouse or sage hen that we were able to scare to death with the .38-40 six-shooter.
THE STORY OF A THANKSGIVING SHOOT ON THE FAMOUS EASTERN RESTING GROUNDS
W. H. Oakey
CURRITUCK! What magic is carried in the ancient Indian name! How the heart of the wild-fowler flutters at the mere mention of the word! It is suggestive of fields of cotton and sweet potatoes—sand and oyster shell roads—salt breezes —and a great, shallow sound, the bottom of which is rich with a luxuriant growth of wild celery and other choice species of duck food.
NO MAN who has not limited the big brown bear would credit his ability as a mountain climber. When he goes into hibernation in the fall, he generally “holes up” about 2,000 feet up the mountain slope. If he can’t find a natural recess in the rocks he will start in like a huge badger and “dig himself in” for his six months’ nap.
BROOKE ANDERSON, ex-president Campfire Club of Chicago, member Federal advisory board Migratory Bird Treaty Act. J. P. CUENIN, rod and gun editor San Francisco Examiner, aggressive in the protection of wild fowl on Pacific Coast. J. B.
Regulatory Powers for California Fish and Game Commission
Robert L. Mann
Editorial Note:—In the opinion of the editors of OUTDOOR LIFE this measure, which would allow the California Fish and (lame Commission to serve more effectively the full interests of the sportsmen, is wise and should have the support of all citizens.
PRELIMINARY announcements have been made of a new foundation entitled More Game Birds in America, sponsored by Joseph P. Knapp of New York. Its head will be Senator Harry B. Hawes of Missouri, and its prime object will be the propagation of vast numbers of sporting birds, chiefly upland.
Jack Tooker, in his story of the Kaibab deer hunt, September issue, state, as facts concerning the whole Kaibab problem, his observations over a small area in which he hunted a few days. Mr. Tooker’s timid claim to familiarity with the Kaibab will no doubt cause many smiles.
New Mexico Sportsman Defends Predatory Animal Poisoning
R. FRED PETTIT
The attack on the Biological Survey’s predatory animal control, launched in your July issue by A. Brazier Howell, and the “follow up” story by J. K. Smith are absurdly beside the truth as related to New Mexico and Arizona. The fact is that the coyote has degenerated into a killer, working in packs and relays among our larger game animals.
I read with much pleasure in the last two numbers of OUTDOOR LIFE the evidence of your stand in defense of the much-maligned coyote and similar mammals which are being so viciously persecuted by the sheepmen and other minority interests at the expense of the American public.
I heartily in< dorse any plea for conservation of the so-called predatory animals and birds with the exception of the mountain lion, the bobcat, and Cooper’s hawk. The coyote is one of the most useful animals we have. When we had our ranch near Salida, Colo., we did not allow them to be molested, for without them we should have been overrun with mice of all kinds, ground squirrels, and prairie dogs.
Dr. Howell's article, “The Borgias of 1930,” certainly reached the spot. For many years I have classed the sporting magazines as simply guidebooks to aid in more killing, but I believe Dr. Howell’s article has changed my views—toward one of them at least.
Knowing that you are interested in the welfare of our sage hens, I am writing you of a discovery regarding them. One of the old-timers was telling me this morning that a young sage chicken is the same as a young turkey when it comes to getting wet.
Pollution, the bane of the water sportsman, is threatening to end fishing and duck hunting on the Potomac River which, until recently, within sight of the nation’s capitol, has been a sportsman’s paradise. With the advent of huge oil storage plants on the river south of Washington, it is apparent that the fish life is doomed, and oil and sewerage from Washington and its neighboring suburbs in both Maryland and Virginia are killing the wild celery which in the past has fed thousands of wild ducks which have furnished sport to residents of the capital and pleasure to the sight-seers in the parks along the river.
FROM the time that ring-necked pheasants were first released in Pennsylvania in 1915, to the present time, an amazing increase of these birds has been noted. Only 2,096 birds were purchased in 1915, and, with 262,355 sportsmen afield during that same year, 796 pheasants were killed.
I HAVE never found any style of fishing quite so well adapted to success with the wall-eyed pike as trolling slowly and restfully along the channel or current waters of weedy shores and old bridge piers and lines of piling, with a good artificial bait.
How best play a heavy trout on light tackle? About the most intensive half hour of fishing that I ever experienced was about fifteen years ago on the Firehole River, right near Morning Glory Spring in Yellowstone Park. About sundown a couple of New Yorkers rushed me to the nice pool at this place to see how the fish we all knew were there could be caught.
DON’T get the idea that spring or early fly fishing will not prove successful against bass. Bass will rise to a fly properly worked as early as the middle of April and as late as bass are biting at all on lures. The main idea is to use the fly so that it instantly attracts the attention of the bass and in the close vicinity of bass cover.
Send in “Angling Kinks.” For each one published we give a 6-months subscription—or we add 6 months to your subscription if you are a subscriber. TAKE a thin piece of copper or brass sheeting, and cut out a small piece about ⅜ inches long and 11/16 inch wide.
Recently in browsing through my library I opened a copy of Buzzacot’s “Complete Encyclopedia,” and in the angling section I found something to make me think. The author states that a seasoned fisherman, the native usually, does not believe in keeping a variety of tackle, but has a very simple kit.
Great Mississippi Run Opens New Possibilities for Outboards
THE long, winding stretches of the lower Mississippi between New Orleans and St. Louis, where for fifty years quaint, ornate stern-wheelers have churned and puffed and strained to better the record of the Robert E. Lee, were conquered on August 12 by a tiny 12-foot outboard boat, powered by a 22 horse power Evinrude Speeditwin, driven by Claude N. Mickler of New Orleans.
FRANK MOBILE, who set out from New York City at daybreak on August 6 in a 16-foot Crouch runabout, powered by a 35 horse power Elto Quad motor, arrived fourteen days and seventeen hours later on the palm-fringed shores of Miami, Fla., covering a total distance of over 1,600 miles and reducing the previous record by almost twelve days.
THREE new world records set by outboard race drivers have been officially O. K’d by members of the National Outboard Race Commission, it is announced by the National Outboard Association. Two of the records were made in eastern regattas and one was chalked up on the Pacific coast by amateur drivers.
AFTER running their outboard motor continuously for twenty-three days and nights, Joseph Logan and M. L. Trammell of Atlanta, Ga., stopped their motor at 5:30 p. m. on August 17. with a total of 552 hours to their credit. The former endurance mark for the tiny engines was 312 hours.
RAY PREGENZER, Jr., of Antioch, Ill., holder of the world speed record for outboard race drivers, easily captured the Ambassador Charles G. Dawes trophy in the feature event of the third annual Mid-East Regatta held at Marietta, Ohio, Saturday, August 23.
IN MUCH of our American West, where canoes can seldom be used and back-packing is feasible only for short jaunts, most packing is done on burros or the ever-present cayuse; and among those who follow the long trails into the back country for pleasure or profit, the ability to do a good job of horse-packing is considered something of an art.
"LOOK out for the wood tick,” warns the Bureau of Entomology, U. S. Department of Agriculture. “This creature has been unusually abundant in the Eastern States this season, and it is suspected of carrying two dangerous human diseases, rabbit fever, or tularemia, and endemic typhus fever.
A NEW slant on cooking in clay is to get a good bed of coals and take a duck, for example, clean it, cut off the head and feet, but leave the feathers on. Pack clay around the duck’s body until it is an inch thick. Scrape the hot coals away, dig a hole in the ground and lay the duck in this, then cover with the hot earth and over this a layer of hot coals.
Foreword: Mr. Keith is a newcomer among the writers whose articles have appeared in Outdoor Life. He is a cowboy and a rancher who has spent his whole life in the wilder portions of our Northwest, most of the time with a six-gun on his hip or a rifle over his shoulder.
OF ALL western characters, more has been said and written of Wild Bill than of all the rest, unless it be of Buffalo Bill Cody, but in all that has been written nothing positive has been said that tells of the sort of guns Hickok carried. Men who knew and associated with Wild Bill seem agreed that he affected “white-handled revolvers,” but not one can say who manufactured the weapons, nor what were the calibers.
In the year of 1887, being fourteen years of age on June 1, I was presented, after many trials, tribulations, and arguments, and contrary to mother’s advice, with a Winchester single shot rifle, .32-20 caliber, factory sights. I managed that season to account for twenty-one woodchucks.
Western Cartridge Company Produces New Cartridges for Deer
LAST year. OUTDOOR LIFE published an article describing the failure of the Western .30-06 ammunition loaded with 220-grain soft point boat tail bullet to kill deer. Of course, the writer should not have used such ammunition for deer, but should instead have used at that time the 180-grain open point ammunition.
Winchester ter an d Remington Rifles Have Someo l'ower
7.65 German Luger vs. .32-20 Revolver
Bullets Will Strike Ground at Same Time
Read "Notes on Sporting Rifles”
Col. Townsend Whelen
Questions answered by mail, only a small percentage being published. Write separate letter on (1) Rifles and Pistols and (2) on Shotguns. Data contained in catalogs readily obtainable gratis from manufacturers are not furnished; consult catalogs first.
I BELIEVE most shooters are aware of the fact that no two rifles are precisely alike in performance, and that one brand of ammunition will be likely to show consistently better groups on the target than will another, in one particular gun. This same balance, of gun with load, is as important with the shotgun as it is with the rifle, if the full possibilities of the arm are to be realized.
THE Remington “Sportsman” is a new model, 20 bore gun, just announced by the Remington Arms Company. The arm differs from other selfloaders in taking but three shells, two in the magazine and one in the chamber We will give a transcript from the description furnished by the Remington Arms Company, and follow it with a few words of editorial comment.
ALFRED RUFUS KING of Wichita Falls, Tex., has made his town famous by winning the most celebrated event in trap-shooting history—the Grand American Handicap at Vandalia, Ohio. The story of his winning of the Grand American sounds like a fairy tale because it is a story of the rise of an unknown boy to the winning of the greatest trapshooting event of 1930.
I HAVE been trying out the Cutts Compensator, and am giving my figures for what they arc worth. I'll admit that I do not know all about the compensator yet, and probably never will know. The various tubes behave differently with changing loads, so that the man who has this device on his gun and who has found a load to suit his purposes had better stick to it.
Questions answered by mail, only a small per centage being published. Write separate letters on (1) Shotguns and (2) on Rifles and Pistols. Enclose 2-cent stamp for reply, and give complete address, plainly. I own a 16 Browning shotgun (full choke, 28-inch), and I wish to know the effect of cutting 2 inches from the end of this barrel.
NORTHERN ARIZONA GAME HUNT SUGGESTED TO REDUCE ANIMALS
Editorial Note:—We print below first a news item printed in Arizona papers, then Horsefly’s letter of comment. For its sharp satire on sheepmen and their attitude toward game, for one reason, we recommend this hearty letter to all our readers.
I certainly heartily indorse your stand on the bear and sheepmen question. Have punched cows long enough to learn a great deal of the sheepmen's attitude. You are wrong, however, on the stand that the cattlemen want to exterminate the bear.
There appeared in the “Mixed Bag" for July an article by A. A. Hopkins, entitled, "How a Rattlesnake Charms a Quail," and in the September issue your Snake Editor, Mr. Bevan, challenges the story as being in some respects impossible, and intimates that the whole idea of a snake charming birds or animals is a myth.
Being by nature a modest sort of person, not given to bragging, it is with some considerable hesitancy that I write of the following incident, hut, after reading an account of the adventures of certain buffalo hunters and champion shooters, I feel it my duty to make known my own abilities along that line.
In the article “How the Sportsmen Handle Politicians and Pollution in Pennsylvania,” in the September issue, a mistake crept in which I wish you would correct. 1 make the statement that we have 600,000 members in our sportsmen’s camps in this state. This is a mistake. All told, we have in the various camps of sportsmen 127,000 members. This, I believe, includes the Izaak Walton League and other sportsmen’s organizations throughout the state.
THE Irish setter of today is the crystallized experience of years, mainly the result of breeding for a single purpose, and that goal for which so many have been, and still are, striving is the show dog. Who, among those that have even but a slight love for dogs, can look upon one or a group of these handsome red setters and not be carried away by their rich color, their majestic contour, their symmetry, and their general air of breediness?
FOR many years controversies have raged, pro and con, between advocates of the wide-ranging field type of bird dog and his opposite, the slower-working, ground-scenting setter and pointer. To one sportsman, the term “range” means that a dog should work fast and cast widely over a fairly large territory; while, to another sportsman, the term suggests that a dog should work closely and under the control of the hunter at all times.
L. E. Eubanks THERE are a number of things about the sense of smell that every owner of a hunting dog should know. As a rule, dog men are insufficiently informed on the nature of smell and on its possibilities of development. They are inclined to expect too much of the dog in other respects—speed, endurance, understanding, obedience, etc.
Editor:—What outlook is there in breeding chow dogs? Are they hard to raise and susceptible to disease? Can you advise me as to what books to buy that will give me the required information?—IV. J. H., Illinois. Answer:—The chow is considered as hardy as most any of the other breeds and therefore should not be any more difficult to raise.
Question:—My three-year-old police dog has a had eye, she keeps it half closed and it looks dark, seems to have a film over it at times and then again it seems to be clear. Can you tell me what to do for it?—O. E. D., Colo. Answer:—A solution of argyrol, 20 per cent, may he put into the affected eye or both eyes three times daily.
Editor:—There is a question that has several times been asked and answered through papers that make a business of answering such questions. It is, “Is there any such snake as the hoop snake?” Answers have been published from heads of some of our largest zoos, denying its existence.