G. E. B., IND:—You will find good bass fishing in By ram Lake near Armonk in Westchester County, also at Cross River, where you will be able to rent boats, and at Lake Mahopac you will be able to rent boats as well. In fact, you will find good bass fishing in almost any of the lakes in Westchester.
FOR several years I had hoped some day to cross the mountain wall that separates India from the rest of Asia, in order to get some idea of the appearance of that difficult and distant land. Ovis Poli, those beautiful spira 1-horned sheep of the Pamirs, also intrigued me.
THE title of this article might well be “Angling for Fun,” inasmuch as most fishermen think of the pickerel as a despised “water snake” or "river snake.” A correspondent, whose letter lies open before me as I write, says, "As to eating a pickerel, ugh, I’d as soon think of eating a snake!”
THE ACTUAL STORY, UNADORNED BY LITERARY EFFECTS, OF WHAT LIFE IN THE FAR NORTH IS LIKE
Harold L. Criger
THE wind had been behaving pretty well lately, so we decided I could make it to town with the dogs fairly easily, and get my own news and ship the fur. So I slicked up a little, loaded the sled, and was all cocked and primed for town in the morning.
FACED with the problem of finding a use for the old pinelands of the upper part of Michigan, the state has been aided during the past six months by the reforestation plan put forward and actively carried on by the Detroit News. Under the present program, public donations are being received for the expense of planting on the great expanse of barren lands.
How FAR WILL THE BIOLOGICAL SURVEY Go IN ITS POISONING RAMPAGE?
Dr. A. Brazier Howell
I BECAME interested in the predatory mammal problem last year, and with the backing of the New York Zoological Society I undertook to make some investigations. The results, which I present here briefly and in as fairminded a manner as I am able to do, are, to me, extremely, significant, as indicating the present-day trend in wild life matters.
THERE are few places left on the Pacific coast where an ordinary citizen can go with any chance of getting a few ducks. All of the good lakes and marshes have heen grabbed by duck clubs, and consequently a duck hunt is a rare thing with me. Only twice in the last ten years have I had a chance to hunt ducks, both times at Tule Lake on the California side of the state line, south of Klamath Falls.
OUR party, consisting of six, left Williams, Ariz., on schedule, 4 a. m., December 6. The party included Dr. P. A. Melick, M. D., Herbert Yoder, business man of Phoenix, Ariz., Geo. Bartlett, head carpenter at the lumber mill, Williams, Ariz., Claude Shaul, railway conductor, Earl Way, and the writer.
A RUMOR started it. Some one let on that he’d taken a fine, fresh-run coho salmon in the Vedder. Now the Vedder is a fine, swift stream that rushes down near Chilliwack, 70 miles from Vancouver, B. C. We are just beginning to realize up here what a wonderful fighting fish we have in the coho, or silver salmon, taken on light tackle in fast, cold water.
A Lifetime’s Observations of The Alaska Brown Bear
L. L. Bales
DO WILD animals have a language? Read this narrative, then think it over. In order that you may have a better understanding of this article, I shall have to tell you a few things about the hibernation of the big Alaska brown bears that are found on the Alaska Peninsula and Unimak Island, the western range limit of Ursus gyas in Alaska.
THE OPEN SEASONS HERE SHOWN INCLUDE BOTH DATES. When the season is closed for fixed period the date terminating the close season is given. CONSULT FEDERAL AND STATE LAWS in regard to sunset and sunrise provisions, as the Federal law prohibits hunting migratory game birds from sunset to half an hour before sunrise, and some States further restrict shooting hours.
ANOTHER pheasant season has gone into the limbo of the past, my fourth year afield with the gaudy, tricky, hard-flying ringnecks in the cornfields and clover fields, the marshes and bushy swales of southern Michigan. A good year, this last, with fair luck and plenty of sport, and hunting companions of the kind you like to dream about when the season is ended.
AN ANGLER seeking sport as well as fish can not wrong in selecting Deschutes River, central Oregon, for the scene of his summer’s vacation. It is one of the most picturesque waterways of the region, rising in Odell Lake in the Cascade Range, and plunging, swirling, and sometimes meandering across the lava beds to the Columbia River.
IT WAS a perfect fishy ate afternoon. The sky was overcast; a light breeze rippled the lake; and the bass in the ledgy hole off Spider Island were taking minnows. But I had no minnows. That summer I was a mere inmate of the Inn; I had no bait trap, nor other means of acquiring the menu that the bass demanded.
WE WERE to make a landing and visit the quiet waters of the big lagoon off Kuluk Bay, Adak Island; but in the Aleutians you do what you want to do only when Providence is willing and the weather permits. So, though on the 10th of April the little Thiepval reached the bay, she was forced to lie at anchor in the quietest corner available nor’wester wore itself out.
BROOKE ANDERSON, ex-president Campfire Club of Chicago, member Federal advisory board Migratory Bird Treaty Act. J. P. CUENIN, rod and gun editor San Francisco Examiner, aggressive in the protection of wild fowl on Pacific Coast. J. B. DOZE, ex-game warden of Kansas, sportsman, conservationist GID GRAHAM, state senator, author present Game Law Oklahoma.
More state game refuges. Save the last of our grizzly bears—our antelope—our sage grouse. Better protection for all bears. Stop needless pollution of fishing waters. More of state game funds used to rear feathered game. Stop diversion of state moneys from game fund to general fund.
THAT Pennsylvania was justified in declaring a state-wide open season on antlerless deer during the season of 1928 can readily be seen by reviewing the facts brought to light as a result of the 1929 buck season. When the 1929 deer season in Pennsylvania came to a close, the 22,822 legal bucks that were killed marked the greatest big game season in the history of the commonwealth.
HAVING lived in the open as much as possible all my life, twenty-two years of that time in northern Arizona, hunting lions has been my hobby since I was big enough to follow a dog. Having killed or taken alive fifty-eight lions between the Verdi River and the Grand Canyon and many more in and around the Kaibab Forest, I am in a position to know something of what I am writing.
To be honest about it, the men or the kind of men who want all the Alaska brown bears killed will never be satisfied until all the bears are killed, not only in Alaska, but in the states. They won’t be satisfied until every bear is dead, grizzly or black, until every wolf is dead, every cat, and every elk and deer that can cut down the grazing of cattle and sheep.
IT WOULD seem that the United States Bureau of the Biological Survey had about all the trouble it could stand in the widespread protests against its failure to conserve the vanishing migratory waterfowl of this country. Now, however, it is under a new fire.
How the Sportsmen Handle Politicians and Pollution in Pennsylvania
In March OUTDOOR LIFE you published an article, “Another Oil Scandal,” by C. R. Gillham. Mr. Gillham has nerve, or he would not dare to write such an article as he has. I remember in the early days when John O’Neil and your humble servant succeeded in having a law passed in Pennsylvania prohibiting the sale of ruffed grouse, that there was such indignation against me in my home town that I thought I would have to find some other place to practice my profession.
Section 12, Act 264, Legislature of Louisiana, for 1928, reads: “In order to prevent the pollution of any of the waters of the state, the killing of fish, or the modification of natural conditions in any way detrimental to the interests of the state, it shall be unlawful for any person to discharge into any waters any substances which kill fish, or render the water unfit for the maintenance of the normal fish life characteristic of such waters, or in any way adversely affect the interests of the state.
It had been my good fortune to have lived in Durango, Colo., in the years 1887-88, and being a fly caster I had the greatest time of my life catching native trout, which seem now to be almost extinct in that part of the state. The Animas River, a beautiful, roaring river, strewn with large boulders, having long stretches of deep water along its course, ran through the town, and anyone could make a good catch in a short time.
A 57,000-ACRE sanctuary for birds on the site of the former Fort Keogh Military Reservation near Miles City, Mont., to be known as the Fort Keogh Bird Refuge, has been created by President Hoover by executive order. Administration of the refuge will be by the Bureau of Biological Survey of the United States Department of Agriculture.
RESOLUTIONS passed by the American Society of Mammalogists at 12th Annual Meeting in New York City: 1. Whereas: The Alaska Game Commission by amendments to the Alaska Game Law, which will become effective July 1, 1950, have removed all restrictions on the killing of grizzly and brown bears by residents, except in several comparatively small areas: and,
THE appointment of Dr. Harold C. Bryant of Berkeley, Calif., as head of the new branch of education and research in the National Park Service, has just been announced by Secretary of the Interior Ray Lyman Wilbur. His official title will be assistant to the director, and headquarters will be in the Washington office.
ALONG time ago (and yet in the measure of the years it is not so long) I made a statement somewhat to the effect that western Ontario was out of the native range of the black bass; and I also ventured the conclusion that it was out of the native range of the muskellunge.
THE natural insects upon which trout most often feed are bred in the stream itself, and of these waterbred insects those scientifically termed the Ephcmeridæ (ephemeral, living only a short time) are usually the most abundant and therefore occupy the place of greatest importance in the flyologv of the dry fly fisherman.
IN JUNE_ of this year I inspected the mouth of a 9pound muskellunge caught in one of the Ohio musky rivers. Unquestionably, this fish had a very sore mouth. It was a well-conditioned fish in every way and in perfect health apparently, but one side of lower jaw was raw and sore, without any teeth whatever for a space of 2 inches. At edge of gums where they meet teeth, on both jaws, the flesh was inflamed and swollen.
I was very much interested in your article on lake trout in the June issue of OUTDOOR LIFE. IS this the mackinaw trout we have in Wyoming and Montana? Your description and pictures fit the mackinaw very well, also the habits and methods of fishing for them.
GO TO any auto supply house and get a magneto file. They cost 15 or 20 cents, and in the days of the old Model T Lizzie they were known as “platinum-point files.” Grind round or handle end to flat point like a screwdriver blade, then grind a V-shaped notch in other end, and use a long, slim cork on the screwdriver end for a handle.
Editor:—I have read OUTDOOR LIFE for some time, but have seen very little in regard to bull redfishing (sea trout or red drum as some call them) in the surf, with other than artificial bait. I am interested in this type of fishing, because it does not require as much equipment.
Winner of Second Prize in the Contest for the Best Articles on Practical New Uses for the Outboard
ONLY a few years ago the outboard motor was ridiculed by many, being noisy, slow, heavy to portage, and frequently so unreliable as to make its general adoption very slow. Much has been done since then, and, thank goodness, those days are getting farther behind us, for now we see more simple models, so that a child can control and start them.
PERSONS who wish to use outboard motors for trolling are up against the problem usually of making their motor go at a slow enough rate of speed to give a good trolling speed for the boat. Usually, an outboard motor will not run slow enough for this purpose, or, if it does, is turning over so slowly that it is likely to stop at any time.
PUBLIC action in providing housing and dockage facilities for small boats is being demanded by motor boat owners, according to Warren Ripple, president of the Johnson Motor Company. Motoring on water is rapidly increasing in popularity, and, despite the fact that there are now over 1,400,000 owners of small motor boats in the United States very little has been done to provide them with proper facilities.
A CENTER, air-tight compartment with an open end section fitted on either side of it insures safety on the water and the take-apart feature permits your carrying the boat as a unit less than half the length of the boat on the running board of an automobile.
Editor:—I am soon going to either buy a boat or have one made. I am considering a boat for a small outboard motor, speed being no object. Six or 8 miles per hour would be satisfactory. The boat is to be for lake travel in British Columbia. Stuart Lake is about 60 miles long and 6 miles wide, and from this lake one can go through a small stream for several miles into another lake, and on into still other lakes in a similar manner.
THOUGH there are only four kinds of poisonous snakes in this country, there are enough of them to warrant constant vigilance on the part of people who wander in the wilds on picnics, outings, and camping excursions. It is much easier to guard against bites than to correct the trouble, once it comes.
A FORMULA which will give a firm, whitish, nonstaining cream of pleasant odor is made up of the following ingredients: Citronella oil (Burgoyne’s), ½ ounce; cedar wood oil, ¼ ounce; spirits of camphor, -AMP;AMP;#X00BC; ounce; and white petrolatum, 2 ounces. Melt the petrolatum or vaseline and then add the other items and place in a tin ointment jar. If you will place the jar on ice or in a basin of cold water and keep stirring until it thickens, it will make a fine mixture.
SURE fire-making appliances are probably the first essentials of enjoyable outdoor trips. Discomfort, hunger, and even starvation are still some of the results of failure of camp fire making material on hunting and fishing trips far in the wilds.
I PLACE a leg at each corner of my ration box and rest their lower ends in small cans filled with water. I have found a common Dutch oven with lid with upward flare at edges to be one of the best utensils to have on a motor camping or other trip where cooking is done over an open fire.
QUERY—Is the iceless refrigerator practical? Does it depend upon the car being kept in motion? Will it keep things cool after the sun goes down on a hot night?—A. H. P., Mich. Answer—These refrigerators operate on the principle of evaporation of moisture on the outer surface, which is a fabric exactly the same as a desert water bag.
POSSIBLY you have experienced the tragedy of having a big fish slip from your hands about the moment you thought you had him safely landed. You can prevent this, in a large degree, by wearing an old pair of light cotton gloves, with the fingers cut off, upon the hand not used to handle the rod.
WHEN out on a camping trip, it is often a problem as how to_ prevent moths and other insects fiom infesting woolen clothes which are not in daily use. Procure a box of a size big enough to hold the clothes and enough empty cigar boxes to line the big container.
Rubber Boots Better Than Leather as Protection Against Snakes
Dried Venom Will Quickly Disappear as Dust
Rattlesnakes in the West
An Albino Milk Snake
Powdered Alum In Case of Snake Bite
Most Practical Boots to Withstand Snake Bite
Editor:—How late in the fall do timber rattlesnakes (Crotalus horridus) remain active, in the Pennsylvania region, before denning up? Suggest something in the line of footgear and clothing that are absolutely bite-proof. Does rubber offer greater resistance than leather in your opinion?
THE principal reason why we are interested in .25 caliber rifles of low and medium power is because they are the next step up in power and flat trajectory from rifles using the .22 caliber Rim Fire cartridge. These light .22 caliber rifles and their ammunition are cheap in price.
WHAT constitutes good shooting? Marksmanship means the ability to score 80 per cent of the ultimate with one type or kind of gun in one of the multitudinous branches of shooting. It might mean 80×100 at the traps, over the pistol range, in one or all of the four positions with the .22 rifle, or through the qualification course with the military rifle, or the service pistol.
I have a Colt .32 caliber pistol with a holdup scene on the cylinder and the inscription on the handle, “Presented to Lieut. J. M. Kennedy by Maj. Gen. J. C. Fremont, Oct. 3rd, 1861.” I believe that this pistol, which was a personal gift from a Major General to a Lieutenant, has some important history connected with it.
The Remington Kleanbore Palma Hi-speed .22 Long Rifle Cartridge
FOR many years, there has been a most insistent demand for a .22 Long Rifle cartridge of higher velocity than those on the market. Literally hundreds of our readers have expressed their need in this direction, and we have also published a number of articles on the subject.
Questions answered by mail, only a small percentage being published. Write separate letter on (1) Rifles and Pistols and (2) on Shotguns. Data contained in catalogs readily obtainable gratis from manufacturers arc not furnished; consult catalogs first.
SOMEBODY sent me a clay bird trap so that I could try out this skeet business. Calling in a shooting chum in order to trap and shoot alternately, we went at it. We have not settled the question of how difficult skeet shooting is yet. Having hut one trap where two are required, we couldn’t get birds at all angles, nor the doubles, hut we did try all the different shots to be obtained by moving about the field, in accordance with the shooting positions laid down in skeet.
Speaking of Cutts Compensators, I recently sent Winchester Model 12 to the Lyman people to be equipped with one of those peculiar attachments. My experience with it might be of interest to you. Gun had 32-inch barrel when shipped to them, and I ordered it cut off to 24 inches as they recommended.
The Parker Brothers were the pioneers in making the 28 gauge gun in this country, and, while it has always been popular for a small bore, there is a much greater demand for the 28 bore Parker than there is for the .410 bore Parker. Having owned several of the 28 bore shotguns and a shooter of the 28 bore for over five years, the more I shoot the little 28 the better I like it.
Editor:—I have a 12 gauge, 32-inch, L. C. Smith hammerless shotgun, field grade. This gun, from a standpoint of wear, is in practically new condition, although it is close to twenty years since gun was bought. Neither barrel is full choke as measured by a dime, nor does it pattern well with T½ shot or finer. A dime slips into either barrel at muzzle by touching one side only. Gun does not pattern well with fine shot. It is quite uneven.
D. Z. Babcock, of Calif., says—"1 received the Model 24 Remington you gave me and like it fine. I find the work very pleasant, and yours is just the magazine a true sportsman likes to read." Wm. H. King, of Colo., says — "I am herewith enclosing a snapshot of myself and the fine Savage Supersporter that you gave me for securing 28 subs.
The July OUTDOOR LIFE, containing your editorial, “The Last Stand of the Bear,” has just come to my desk. I note your statement that the Associated Press dispatch sent out from Seward under date of February 1 was the first gun in a major campaign to exterminate all the big brownies in Alaska.
On page 87 of the July issue of OUTDOOR LIFE you have an article, entitled, “How a Rattlesnake Charms a Quail,” which will go a long way to help perpetuate a myth in spite of the fact that the article contains its own evidence of the absolute worthlessness of much of the testimony of “eyewitnesses.”
On Thursday, June 12, Justice of the Peace Tumlin, DeKalb County, Georgia, bound over four defendants on charges of fishing with pole and line on Sunday. They were arrested by E. Baughan, Deputy Commissioner from the State at Large, June 8.
I have been a reader of OUTDOOR LIFE for many years, and I believe that you have always been fair and would not under any circumstances publish anything unless you thought it was correct. For this reason I am writing in reference to an article on “The Collapse of Conservation in Louisiana,” in your issue of August, 1930.
We have a very stiff anti-pistol law here in Massachusetts, requiring license to carry and heavy penalties for violators. I haven’t heard of any criminals or gunmen throwing theirs away just because they didn’t dare go to the police for a permit to carry, and most of those captured are well-armed.
The most comprehensive conservation game program that I have seen outlined is in the last chapter of “Modern Shotguns and Loads,” by Chas. Askins, entitled, “Free Shooting.” I certainly would like to see it appear in OUTDOOR LIFE for the good of the shooting fraternity of this country.
ALL coon hunters throughout the length and breadth of this country have their own ideas of the kind of a dog that suits their purposes best. Their opinions, as a rule, are firmly entrenched on the bed rock of personal experience and the contacts they have had with others who are interested in this same fascinating recreation.
IN PURCHASING breeding stock, remember, "It's not the original cost— it’s the pup-keep.” In other words, when you start out in breeding live stock for profit, the best is none too good, and will more nearly guarantee offspring that will grade high and bring the top prices.
"DOGDOM is about on the threshold of relief from the age-old scourge of distemper.” That is the opening sentence of a bulletin recently sent out by the American Distemper Committee, working in conjunction with the British Distemper Research Council which was inaugurated about five years ago by the London Field and the numerous subscribers from both Great Britain and America.
THE illustration shown here is somewhat unusual. Not that it is anything out of the ordinary to secure a picture of two dogs pointing and backing, but because the pair depicted here are dogs in the string of one handler, and both have been winning in most of the prominent field trials of the season.
Editor Dog Department:—I would like some information on mastiff and Great Dane dogs, How large do they get to be? What is their temperament? What are the prices?—L. H. S., Wyo. Answer:—Both are very old breeds. The mastiff of late years has not been bred in the numbers that was the case during the latter days of the past century, although a few breeders still cherish them very highly.
Question:—My three-month-old pointer pups have weak legs, distended stomachs, intense hunger, and are very thin. They are fed on cooked foods. Can you advise treatment and the cause?—S. A., Tex. Answer:—Your pups have osteomalacia and intestinal parasitism, commonly called rickets and worms.