As stated in my former article in Outdoor Life.* Our going into the Cassiar district was solely for the purpose of securing sheep and moose. Our trip into the sheep country had been very pleasant, and, we considered, very successful. Although we had not secured the full limit of our allowance we were perfectly satisfied with our kill, and it was but natural now for our minds to turn to the next proposition, that of securing moose.
Only in folklore and legend will the Indian—the Red Man of the plains—be known to the next generation; his day of romance is sadly over and one mighty stride towards his civilization is the giving family names to the 30,000 survivors of the race—a task which Dr. Charles A. Eastman of Amherst, Mass., has nearly completed.
If truly hunters and sportsmen permit unprotestingly such writers as W. G. Fitz-Gerald and Frank G. Carpenter to invest the natural history of large carnivora with lurid stories of fabulous man-eaters of Central and East Africa, standard authors who entertain a wholesome respect for sober truth like Selous, Baillie-Grohman, Phillipps-Wolley, Roosevelt and Schillings, should close their ink-wells and retire as authorities on big game and their habits.
I send you herewith photographs of the three winners in the first annual Mt. Wilson (California) race, April 29, 1908, for the Richard K. Fox medals. The race was under the auspices of the A. A. U.; had twelve starters, eight finishing. Was over the old burro trail, seven miles long, with an ascent of nearly one mile.
THE WHITE RHINO OR SQUARE MOUTHED RHINO (RHINOCEROS SIMUS) SOMETIMES CALLED BURCHELL’S RHINO.
NOTES ON RHINO AND ELEPHANTS.
EXTINCTION OF WILD ANIMALS—THE RHINOCEROS, HIPPOPOTAMUS, LION, TIGAR AND GIRAFFE ARE DOOMED.
PLEA MADE FOR PROTECTION OF WILD GAME IN AFRICA.
E. R. MURPHY
This wonderful antediluvian-looking animal is one of the wonders of the big game in Africa, and no one will ever forget the impression this animal makes on one when first seen out hunting. I was immensely excited when I first saw an elephant in India while out after sambhu one day, but I was quite flabbergasted when I saw my first rhino in Africa; what astonished me most was the agility of this animal and the speed it could get up in a charge.
American history does not record a more thrilling battle than the fall of the “Alamo,” and words cannot depict the scenes that were enacted inside its sombre and weather-beaten walls. The “Alamo” was first established by the Franciscan friars in 1718 and they laid its corner stone in 1745.
The season mellows, the year grows old, The brooklet glides with a gentler purling, The wood has a carpet of red and gold, (For Winter is coming, and earth grows cold) That the vagrant winds set whirling. There’s rollicking life in the frosty air, Tho’ sunbeams gleam with a paler glory; The stir underfoot is everywhere, Robins are twittering here and there, In trees which are gaunt and hoary.
The fastest track in all the world! And Barney Oldfield, holder of the world’s record for one and two miles on a circular track, proving it so. This is how it happened on the newly-famous two-mile speedway of the Lakeside Inn Track Association, near San Diego, California.
Sunday afternoon in Salt Lick. The train had come and gone. The long-hooted, heavily-spurred contingent that had trooped in from the wild and weedy for their weekly budget of mail, now headed, with singleness of purpose, for the shanty-saloon across the way,—a lone sentry box in an oasis of sand, cacti, and discarded cans.
The night wind shivers through a tuft of withered grass Where drifts the desert’s sea of shifting sand. A rim of lurid clouds, wind-torn and desolate, Marks low the boundary line 'twixt sky and land. A coyote slinking by with noiseless, stealthy tread, Stops near a sunken heap of crumbling stones, To scent the feast, writ there in silent eloquence— A glistening human skull and scattered bones.
In the slender shade of a candle cactus, on the edge of the Salton basin, which has been fast filling with the inpour of the swift Colorado River, sat a young Indian mother and her child. The woman’s dress made the only touch of color in all the desolation of dun-tinted desert.
On May 20th last, I left the Fraser River and started up a tributary with two Indians. The stream that we followed was a river in size, and for a day and a half we went up what was practically a canon with great towering mountains on each side, in places nearly perpendicular, the tops of which were covered with snow.
I see a maiden young and fair, With Autumn’s yellow in her hair, A maiden blithe and gay. From palette gay with colors bright She deftly paints the leaves each night, Then hastens on her way. Along the path which she doth tread A bright-hued carpet soon is spread, On which the sunbeams play.
Practically all persons who have had the pleasure of observing the grizzly bear in captivity agree that he is more or less comical in his ways, while those investigators who have, pursued him into his natural haunts (and have been able to testify afterwards), say that he is a perfect “cutup.”
(Including Account of the Killing of One of the Largest Grizzlies Ever Seen.)
L. L. BALES
It is a common expression that “Alaska is a land of big things,” and this is more than true as regards certain species of the bear family, for the Alaska grizzly is the largest bear in Alaska or any other land and the largest carnivorous animal that lives.
Oh, for a friend who will watch with me the changing color of winter skies, the glamour of August noons, the yellow glow of autumnal sunsets and the fading light on tawny hills where murmuring herds travel homeward half asleep with the languid melody of cricket choirs; one who will turn deaf ear to the twang of harps in banquet halls to listen to the laugh of children in shady groves, the pipe of killdeers by lazy streams, the trickle of hidden fountains in rocky ledges, the chatter of anxious parent birds o’er hungry brood, the whispered grief of belated butterflies in dying flowers, the sweep of pent-up rain on desert lands and the echo of thunder storms where granite pillars prop the everlasting hills against the sky!
Having read in Outdoor Life of the killing of: “Old Four Toes,” it occurred to me that a story in this line covering an experience of mine may interest the readers of Outdoor Life. At this time I was trapping bear and had a No. 6 bear trap set with bait where an elk had been killed.
Please find enclosed a photograph of another Montana elk head, killed in Park county three years ago. Some time I will send photograph of a head that measures 15½ inches around each burr. This is from my own collection. I am a hunter and guide.
Several summers ago I was invited to join a party for a few weeks’ recreation up on one of the spurs of the Cascade range of mountains. As my best lady was to be included also I gladly accepted the invitation, and as soon as a wagon and team could be procured and loaded with the necessary provisions, etc., we were soon going up the mountain on the long, winding grade, gradually ascending until we reached the summit of the divide that told us that we were over 5,000 feet above the level of the sea and nearly 3,500 feet above the little city of Ashland, Oregon, that we had left behind us that morning.
It was a fine Sunday in September that my father and I selected to go fishing up Echo river or Forty Mile creek, so-called on account of it being estimated at forty miles from its source in the northern part of the Canadian National Park, where it pours its clear waters into the Bow river a short distance above Banff.
We are in receipt of a copy of the 1907 report of the game warden of British Columbia, through the courtesy of Joseph Russell, deputy game warden, of Lillooet, B. C., from which we extract the following: “The total revenue collected from game licenses during the year was $4,675.
On the principle of “more taffy and less epitaphy” I write to tell you how much I thoroughly enjoy Outdoor Life. You are giving us sporting fellows and biologists a sportsman’s magazine of a very high order. I have been keeping the September, 1907, number, among my most valued books and papers, where I could reach it at a moment’s notice, on account of Lieutenant Whelen’s article.
We received a letter some time ago from M. P. Dunham of Ovando, Montana, one of the oldest guides in that section, describing a freak brown bear killed by him, and in our reply we showed so much interest in the animal that Mr. Dunham shipped the hide to us as a present.
Charles W. Person, a young Denver sportsman, writes from Pyramid, Colorado, under date of July 21st, as follows: “I am writing this letter 150 miles (by road) from the nearest railroad. Our camp is situated in the famous Lost Lakes country, twelve miles from Pyramid, Rio Blanco county, Colorado.
One of our London, England, readers, has sent us a page from the Pall Mall Gazette of date January 13, 1900, containing a criticism of Mr. W. A. Baillie-Grohman’s work, “Fifteen Years of Sport and Life in the Hunting-Grounds of Western America and British Columbia,” in which Mr. Baillie-Grohman criticises Rowland Ward’s book, “Records of Big Game,” referred to in our August number by Mr. Brent Altsheler.
Mr. Phil Oberlander of Bohemia, who has partaken of three big game hunts on this continent already—namely, in the Lillooet District, B. C., Lower California and on Vancouver Island, B. C.—is now having his fourth hunt on the Stikine river, Alaska.
I would like to know through the columns of your magazine if buck deer bellow or roar when fighting? Bulls, dogs, cats, bears and, I guess all kinds of animals, go into battle making as fierce and savage a noise as they can; but how about a deer?
The management of the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition at Seattle is pushing the motor boat show idea as strongly as possible, and are meeting with gratifying results. The eastern manufacturers are very much interested in the motor boat show to be held at Seattle during the Exposition, and from the progress already made there is little doubt that the space will all be taken in advance of opening day, and that a large show will be held.
Scarcely a vagrant wind in passing stirs The lyric summits of the firs; Scarcely the waters, o’er the bright expanse, Move from their trance. Is it not good— This immemorial peace of wave and wood? What though there be no prayer, No litany of ancient faith?
The following table shows the close seasons for game In the United States and Canada. A few unimportant species and the numerous local exceptions in Maine, New York, Michigan, Wisconsin, Washington and Oregon have been omitted. The State laws of Maryland and the most general of the county laws of North Carolina have been followed.
The first date of the close season and the first date of the open season are given; OPEN SEASONS MAY BE FOUND BY REVERSING THE DATES. The term rabbit includes ‘hare’ of the Canadian laws; quail, the bird known as ‘partridge’ in the South; grouse, includes Canada grouse, sharp-tailed grouse, ruffed grouse (known as ‘partridge’ in the North and ‘pheasant’ in the South), and all other members of the family except prairie chickens, ptarmigan, and sage hens; introduced pheasant is restricted to the Old World pheasants; and goose includes ‘brant.’
I know its human nature to be never satisfied With any earthly blessing until they have been tried; But, honestly, I’m tired of this everlasting strife, And there is only one specific, which is out-door life. A perfect dream in panoramic view from August to December.
TRAINING, HANDLING, CORRECTING FAULTS AND CARE OF THE BIRD DOG.
ED F. HABERLEIN
P. A. C., Alluwee, Okla.—I bought a pointer pup recently said to be full-blooded and eligible to registration, but have since learned that his sire is ⅛-part spaniel. I desire your opinion as to utility of such a mixture as a bird dog. The pup is a beauty and the most intelligent dog of his age I have ever handled and is already making pretty points; has typical pointer shape.
I would like to inquire through the dog columns of your magazine as to the largest litter of puppies from a single female. I have a bloodhound that I would like to enter in the championship class, as she has just given birth to seventeen puppies—fourteen females and three males.
Hail grandest month of all the year! There’s tonic in your atmosphere, And I am glad that you are here, Delightful old October. Your sunset skies in colors rare Complete a picture wondrous fair, And beauty greets us everywhere, In splendid old October.
SMOKELESS POWDER AND ITS RELATION TO BARREL EROSION.
The principal factors in reducing the life of the modern high velocity rifle barrel are gas-cuttting, metal jackets and smokeless powder. My experience with the Government rifle has proved conclusively that when super-caliber bullets are used, gascutting becomes almost entirely eliminated and ceases to be a factor in the wear of the barrel.
POPULARITY OF THE SINGLE-ACTION, SWING-OUT CYLINDER STYLE OF REVOLVER.
Editor Outdoor Life
While I am not a subscriber for your valuable magazine, I buy it at the news stand and seldom miss reading a copy. As my business is selling sporting goods on the road and as I am naturally a gun crank, the Arms and Ammunition department is most interesting to me.
Concerning that nine-lived question, “What size gun shall I use?” let us consider the matter from a point a bit apart from guns; as a side-light often reveals surprising features. I once shot a squirrel with a .40-70 Winchester; the bullet disemboweled him, but without materially injuring any of the abdominal organs, so simply ripped him open.
Will some brother who has used the Winchester 1907 model, .351 caliber, please tell something about the effect of this bullet on big game? Also, what other rifle does the .351 compare with? Ohio. J. T. SMITH.
Will you please inform me of the difference between the 1903 and the 1906 model Government cartridges? In the fall of 1906 I wrote to the commander of the Frankfort Arsenal about the 1903 model cartridges, suggesting that he try and have them changed by making the neck longer even though the powder chamber must be made shorter, so as to permit of a wad being placed between the powder and bullet to prevent gas escaping ahead of the bullet.
For the benefit of the readers of your valuable magazine I wish to highly recommend the Daniel concentric sight, which I used on my .30-30 Winchester last fall in the Maine woods. I dropped a bull moose with 44" spread, and it took only one Hoxie bullet to do the trick.
I notice in the Arms and Ammunition department of Outdoor Life for July that one of your readers wishes to by a Krag-Jorgensen rifle. The Fort Pitt Rifle Club of Pittsburg has discarded the Krag for the New Springfield and most of the Krags are for sale at a reasonable price.
In reply to Mr. Schmidt’s request in the May number for information on the Webley, I might say I have just lately bought one of these weapons. It is what they call the Webley-Fosbery Automatic. They are made in two calibers, the .38 and the .455, the .38 carrying eight shells and the .455 six.
I am an advocate of the slow-twist bores, such as .32-40 and .38-55, and hope some time that a discussion among the cranks of the various calibers and twists will appear. I cannot understand the great preference existing with hunters to use the .30-30, .25-35 and .303 calibers, as reduced charges are not nearly so satisfactory in these rifles as in the .32-40.
We have in the Frankfort Rifle Club a list of fifteen members, organized last January and are doing some very nice target work. We use only .22 caliber rifles. Our range is from 25 to 200 yards. We had the misfortune to lose our gun-house in a recent flood but have built a new one and are ready for business again.
I note in the July number where M. E. Scott wants information in regard to the .25-35 Winchester. My last and most satisfactory hunting rifle was a .25-35 Winchester carbine. After four years of hard service with many different loads the accuracy of that arm is as good to-day as it was when new.
I am in favor of Mr. Linkletter’s style of boring rifles and revolvers, for his or any other ammunition. I will tell you why. The high-power rifles should be chambered this way for this reason: I have had some experience in reloading .30-40 ammunition.
As to Hoxie bullet: Last fall I gut-shot two deer, one with a .32-40 and one with a .33 Special. In both cases the ball entered back of left shoulder and went on an angle, penetrating stomach. In both cases the ball was found under skin on opposite side.
The several articles that appeared in the columns of your Arms and Ammunition department a few months back relating to the merits of the single-shot rifles has proven exceptionally interesting reading, and particularly the articles by Mr. De Angelis and Lieutenant Whelen.
Being a constant reader I would like to hear through your magazine from some one who has had experience with the .30 Luger. What I wish is a comparison of the .30 Luger and the .45 Colt. Which is considered the heaviest hitter, and is it practical to reload ammunition?
THE SELF-LOADING .351 AND .33 WINCHESTER COMPARED.
Editor Outdoor Life
In answer to “Progressist’s” letter from British Columbia, I would say that I have a .351 Winchester Automatic. I took the gun with me last fall to Saskatchewan, Canada, and finding that the law there prohibited shooting game with automatics I did not use it.
I would like to see a discussion of the accuracy of various cartridges, both black and smokeless—the group they are capable of making at 100 or 200 yards, when fired in single shot and repeating rifles, etc. I would also like to see various makes of rifles compared as to their accuracy.
MR. KENT DEFINES THE PURPOSE OF HIS “VENTED MUZZLE.”
Editor Outdoor Life
I notice in your July issue that Mr. De Angelis sails into Maxim’s recent patented device for silencing the report of firearms, and refers to the “vented muzzle” as among this class of devices—which would imply that its chief object was to silence noise.
W. C. Mattox asks for comparisons on .405, .35, .33 and .30 caliber rifles. I have had some experience with .40-72, .35, .33, .32 W. S. and .30-30, all good guns. In 1904 I purchased the .33, and the fact I have used it exclusively ever since is perhaps the best expression of my opinion of this caliber.
INTERSTATE ASSOCIATION’S FIRST ROCKY MOUNTAIN HANDICAP.
The first Rocky Mountain handicap tournament of the Interstate Association was held in Denver on September 1st, 2nd, 3rd. Five traps were used which were placed on the shore of Berkeley Lake, throwing the targets over the water. The tents for the use of the shooters were placed in the shade of the trees just back of the firing line.
Dr. W. G. Hudson has written us to the effect that he believes it inadvisable to continue the Linkletter tests beyond that of the .40-90 which is reported in this issue. As Dr. Hudson should be given credit for being the first to suggest a renovation of these loads, and furthermore, previous to the .44-40 revolver disaster, was kind enough to offer to make the tests, we cannot help but feel just a little disappointment at his not continuing them to the final end.
OIIR OUR GAMfc CAME BlKUo BIRDS I IN IN GUL-UK» COLORS
E. Martindale, Roselle, N. J.—May I ask for a little of your valuable space to answer the following questions: I have a Savage rifle, regular model, .30-30 caliber, but feel that the regular factory-loaded shell with its metal-cased bullet is injurious to the arm and, for my purposes ordinarily, unnecessary.
The old western frontier hunter, scout and Indian fighter, considered as a national type, was peculiarly and distinctly American. Fearless, resourceful, energetic, self-possessed, and dominant, his equal cannot be found in history.
The subject of an all-around revolver has been pretty thoroughly discussed in the columns of Outdoor Life, and while there are many individual opinions among the western experts as to the choice of an arm for general service, it will be of interest to our readers to know that the Colt's Patent Fire Arms Mfg. Co. have brought out a new model which they designate as the Colt “Army Special,” built along the well-known lines of their “New Army” and “New Navy” (which it supersedes), but with improvements that will be appreciated by those who wish a thoroughly up-to-date holster weapon.
We have many times said in our columns that we believe every true sportsman should be his own taxidermist. By knowing this art, the hunter, trapper and angler not only saves a great deal in the way of taxidermy bills, but is able to preserve many beautiful and wonderful trophies which he otherwise would lose.
If the present work toward the propagation of upland wild fowl is continued it will not be many years before some of the more recent additions to our bird families—such as the ring-necked pheasants, Hungarian partridges and capercailzie will swarm our rural districts everywhere, affording the sportsman royal sport in open season.
Mr. Louis Rhead. author of the late entertaining work, “The Book of Fish and Fishing,” published by Chas. Scribner’s Sons. Mr. Rhead is shown in the act of landing a trout in a favorite pool, a phase of the sport liberally covered by him in his book.
The Carlson Motor & Truck Co. of Brooklyn, New York, are manufactureers of one of the highest and best types of motors on the market—the Carlson Motor—it being a radical departure from the conventional types of marine gasoline engines. It is revolutionary in design, weight and size, but it is of thoroughly tested and indisputably proven strength, reliability and efficiency.
J. W. Elwood, president of the Elwood Sporting Goods Company, Omaha, Nebraska, advises us that his new fall catalog of guns and general sporting goods is ready for distribution. Mr. Elwbod is well known to out-readers and it is therefore needless for us to say that you can deal with him, knowing in advance that you will receive the best of goods and liberal treatment.
Mrs. Frank E. Butler (Annie Oakley) has been taking her vacation, and, accompanied by her husband, Mr. Frank E. Butler, has spent the first half of the month of August at Amityville, L. I., N. Y., as a guest of Mr. Fred A. Stone, the hero of the Red Mill.
This is a beautiful work throughout, being enclosed in a superb cover executed in the three-color process of printing. It contains a little more matter than usual, and much descriptive and illustrative work on new models, such, for instance, as the new Marlin repeating shotguns in grades A, B, C and D, listing at $23.25, $30.75, $40.80 and $80 respectively.
At the thirty-ninth annual prize shoot of the New England Schuetzen Bund (Westville, Connecticut, July 21-22) Stevens rifles and Stevens telescopes won all the leading prizes. One, two, three order was the Stevens performance on ring target.
The high average for the entire tournament of the Dominion of Canada Trap Shooting Association’s contest, held at Sherbrooke, August 5th to 7th, was awarded to E. H. Stevens. The high amateur average was won by George Beattie of Hamilton, Ontario.
Sportsmen having trophies which they wish artistically mounted by “one who knows” will find the work of Prof. Gus Stainsky of Colorado Springs, Colo., most satisfactory, he being the originator of the plastic art in taxidermy in this country.
We have just received a copy of the new Marlin gun catalog, a book of 136 pages with handsome lithographed cover in ten colors. It describes thoroughly the complete line of Marlin rifles and shotguns—all repeating guns—all made with the superior solid-top, side-ejecting construction.
The experience of more than half a century is embodied in the product of the Colt’s Patent Fire Arms Mfg. Co. The high standard in quality—to which the success of these arms from the start was due—has been strictly maintained, and Colt's revolvers have been adopted by governments, military organizations.
J S. McGehee of St. Louis writes: “Outdoor Life is so far ahead of the other magazines that I take of a similar nature that there is really no comparison.” At the Middlesex Gun Club’s midsummer registered tournament held August 15th at East Lexington, Massachusetts.