WHILE it has always been the aim of the publishers of this magazine to make it as comprehensive as possible, yet those who have read each issue carefully will have observed that there has been an underlying trend, that has given the publication a necessary unity.
LIKE a page from fiction reads the story of James J. Hill’s rise from obscurity to opulence. “How to become a millionaire, or my progress from a Canadian farm to command of the greatest railroad combination in North America,” would be a very faithful title for the entertaining personal reminiscence furnished by Mr. Hill.
HE lit another pipe. It was the same pipe. But he had filled it with different tobacco. He returned to his old position, on his back, with his head propped against a mound of grass and studied the western sky. It promised to be a glorious sunset.
TAKEN by themselves as mere mouldering chunks of antiquity that have been preserved to us because they happened to be dropped down into a dry climate, the fragmentary remains of old Egypt are not very inspiring. They are big, but seldom beautiful.
THE democratic, or liberalistic, theory puts every one upon his merits. The worthless and the inefficient are mercilessly sacrificed, the efficient are proportionately rewarded. It frankly renounces, for the present, all hope of attaining equality of conditions, and confines itself to the problem of securing, as speedily as possible, equality of opportunity.
THE American Institute of Social Service is composed of forty members, one hundred associates, and one hundred collaborators, men and women identified with social work in its broadest aspect. President Roosevelt is an associate who gives hearty and much valued endorsement to the institute’s work and aims.
YOUTH connot believe that age has any pleasures. In the thoughts of the young old age looms dark and dreadful. An atmosphere of twilight grey seems to enfold it. The prospect is all dim dulness, as seen from the “wild gladness of morning.”
BACK to Nature, Back to the Land, Back to the Gospels, so run the popular watchwords; but are they not mutually contradictory? It is by no means evident that a return to nature involves a return to Gospels written with the express purpose of supplementing nature by grace; and the land-backers should ponder the fact that the Gospel did not commend itself to the simple lifers of the country-side, but spread like wildfire among the complex lifers of the Greek cities.
WHAT are the dominating features of the Dreadnought? She will displace nearly 18,-000 tons of water when ready for service, will be propelled by turbines of the Parsons type, with four propellers, will have a trial speed of over 21 knots an hour—equivalent to 25 statute miles—will carry ten 12 in.
SPIRITUALISM—the study of the occult sciences— what is it? And why is it so often spoken of with ridicule, or in mysterious whispers, as a subject we are ashamed to mention? Does it bring to our minds darkness, curious noises, ghostly sounds, and unearthly appearances, in connection with fraud, falsehood, and wilful imposition?
THAT Britain’s oldest industry should be a slowly decaying one is only to be expected, and the fact is simply the natural consequence of the progress of time. Father Time, indeed, has been, and is, the only competitor with whom the flint workers of Brandon have to fight, and it goes without saying that they must, sooner or later, acknowledge defeat.
IT is news, in a way, to know that The Great White Plague is enormously more curable when it is taken in its very earliest stages than when it is allowed to run on a little while. Don’t lose time about it. When you don’t come right back to par after having had pneumonia, or the grippe, or an extra hard cold; when you feel lassitude after any kind of lung trouble (and the best men are coming to look at pleurisy as something a good deal more serious than a mere stitch in the side; they are pretty sure it is a tuberculous affection); when your afternoon temperature, taken at different hours, four, five, six and eight o’clock, is higher than it ought to be, don’t imagine that you will save time by waiting.
ALL the world of science now knows that yellow fever is transmitted by the bite of a single species of mosquito and by that agency alone. Patient and perilous experiments have established the responsibility of the little gnat to which is given the name of stegomyia, proving to be the deadliest of all creatures of prey, it kills more human beings every year than the dreaded cobra; more, probably, than all the wild animals of the world put together.
THERE are several facts in regard to Horace Fletcher’s theories and personal practice which deserve emphasis. In the first place he does not maintain that his ideas are new. He says that Gladstone’s famous “thirty-two chews’’ suggested his first experiments in food nutrition.
THE idea of a museum of security excites curiosity. People ask, “What’s that?” It is not surprising that there should be general ignorance on this subject, because such institutions are of recent origin, the first having been opened in Amsterdam in 1893, in charge of a mechanical engineer who is responsible for the supervision of machinery and its explanation.
MANIFESTLY the moral and religious consciousness of Jesus was maintained and developed under certain fundamental conditions. No one would maintain that it had no history, that it was a mere dead level of uniformity, even on planes beyond our vision.
THE sanitary value of having a hobby is generally recognized. No one who sticks too close to his last is likely to be sound in body or an agreeable companion. But certain hobbies, innocent in themselves, make their riders seem extremely foolish, and add to the burdens of social intercourse.
THE theory of flying mechanically is an interesting and pretty study, but in practice it has experienced a gloomy record. Many of the theories advanced work out similar to the case of a needle floating upon the surface of a tumbler of water.
THE State of Colorado will possess, within a few months, the highest bridge in the world, over the deepest chasm in the Rocky Mountains-—one of the deepest found anywhere. This extraordinary structure is the outcome of the ever-alert western spirit of enterprise, and especially is it one of the logical goals for which rival aspirants for supremacy in the tourist business in the Centennial State are ever straining.
ANDREW CARNEGIE'S dictum that "Steel is either a prince or a pauper” has become a household word. Nothing is more evident than that the prosperity of the Steel Corporation depends wholly upon the activity of the iron and steel trade, and this in turn is dependent upon the general industrial condition of the country.
THE coming exposition at Milan, held to celebrate the opening of the Simplon Tunnel, promises to be as great a revelation to Americans as the World’s Fair at Chicago was to Europeans. We are prone to think of Italy, when we think of it at all, as a land of only historical and artistic interest, or as the breeding place of the hordes of illiterate immigrants who form the substructure of our industrial organization.
LORD PALMERSTON laid it down that the whole secret of success consists in taking pains, and pointed to his own career as an illustration. Mr. Disraeli lectured on the thesis that every man has his opportunity, and that in preparing for that opportunity lies the art of getting on.
"THE man who never was a boy,” is the term often applied to J. Clifton Robinson, the English railway promoter. The description fits many millionaires. There has always been a running infringement of the law—moral if not actual—against child labor by this class.
WHEN a boy I often stood on a mountain top high above the Pacific, looking away into the interminable distances and wondering over the world and its mystery. I was then a shy lad, herding a flock of sheep among gray crags and green upland pastures.
THREE changes in the vice-presidencies of the New York Central railroad within a week have involved as principals in promotion three men who began their railway experiences and work in the lowest positions possible in the economy of railroad construction and operation.
EVERY morning a carriage drawn by two spirited horses dashes up to the Buffalo City Hall. A man with white hair and beard and wearing a silk hat and frock coat steps out. A newsboy rushes up to hold the door and says: “Good morning, M. N." “Good morning, lad,” says the man.
BENJAMIN RYAN TILLMAN is the most violently outspoken as well as the most unbribable of radical Democrats. His is the fiercest and roughest spirit that has ever found voice in the "great advisory council" which constitutes the federal side of Congress, the "palladium to the residuary sovereignty of the States."
IT would be an immense boon to the whole world if a single language was now spoken by all the chief peoples. The ease of intercourse which has always existed between Great Britain and the United States would be extended to all other nations.
WE had not thought of visiting Java, but we heard so much of it from returning tourists as we journeyed through Japan, China and the Philippines that we turned aside from Singapore and devoted two weeks to a trip through the island. Steamers run to both Batavia, which is the capital and the metropolis of the western end of the island, and Soerabaja, the chief city of eastern Java, and a railroad about 400 miles long connects these two cities.
SHOPPING is the national American occupation. The city of New York, built on a long and very narrow island, suggests the tube of a thermometer, and the population can well be likened to mercury: they fluctuate in a mass, now up, now down, moved by the impelling atmosphere of the shopping centres.
REORGANIZING a business, a big business, a big “trust,” is harder work, far harder work, than organizing a new undertaking. The new president has an uphill road before him. That is why he was selected. He has had no connection with any of the cliques of the corporation, or with any of the concerns that were absorbed.
I HAVE often wondered at the slight consideration people show at times for the feelings of children. Having a pretty good memory, I can remember distinctly how I felt about it when a child myself. Of course, most of us, young and old, have to put up with a good deal of roughing it in life, and I dare say it is in the main good for us; still, so much of it is inevitable that most of us feel instinctively that needlessly adding to its amount is not well.
TWO women met the other afternoon. One was in her office, for she is a member of the large army of those who work. The other, who is one of her customers, is the wife of a man whose name is a symbol for millions. “How I wish I had kept on my tailor made.”
There is so much that is good in the June number of The American, that it is hard to pick out just what is best. Judge Grosscup's article on “The Rebirth of the Corporation” is probably the most outstanding. The Last of the Wire-Tappers. By Arthur Train.
Kid McGrhie. By S. R. Crockett. Toronto: The Copp, Clark Co. Cloth, $1.50. Mr. Crodkett has found his material for this very entertaining book chiefly in the slums of Edinburgh. The Kid is introduced to the reader at the immature age of nine as a lad having a pedigree without patrimony and further handicapped by a vicious parentage and environment, yet possessing a heredity of noble qualities bequeathed by some remote ancestor.