IF I could get away from my desk but two weeks at a single time during the year I think that I should be strongly inclined to spend that two weeks in the Sandhills in mid-winter. Good sport in winter is doubly good, and a winter vacation is the most seductive of all.
IT was just at the height of the big German drive that this Editorial was written. By the time it comes under the eyes of the readers of this magazine, who knows what history may have to record? We had planned a spring trout trip, yet no one felt like going.
ABOUT the council fire, Dennis, with many grunts and gestures, told Ned where he would find may "Big Billy's" the next day. while he and I would try to get photos of rams. Dennis had his dope right again, for shortly after our return to camp the next evening Bill and Ned came in with two fine Billy's, while I had taken several pictures of sheep, the success of which was yet to be proved.
ONE day in mid-October, Curtis and I were paddling down the Delaware River below Trenton, N. J. We passed a small dock on which two men were seated, fishing. We make it a point always to hail kindred spirits, so we edged toward shore and asked how the fish were biting.
"HAVE you ever been snow-blind?" old Caleb asked one evening after a venison supper, when we were loafing and smoking before the camp fire. I laughed, and assured him that I had not—assured him that snow-blindness was not one of the afflictions that beset dwellers in city apartment houses, whatever their other miseries might be.
IF you are a fisherman, and aspire to the study or conquest of the big game of the sea, go to Catalina Island once before it is too late. The summer of 1917 will never be forgotten by those fishermen who were fortunate enough to be at Avalon. Early in June, even in May, there were indications that the first record season in many years might be expected.
IT was on the 28th day of January. The "Hell Gate" at Missoula had just ceased belching from the East one of those three-day blinding blizzards, in the face of which men and animals, without shelter, chill and perish within a few hours' time.
FIELD AND STREAM ought to be edited in a tent. In fact, I have had that idea seriously in mind as the only way that such an outdoorsy, woodsy growth as FIELD AND STREAM should be edited! And particularly the June issue always reads as if it came right out of a tent, so full of the wood's ozone are its pages.
WE were a jolly crowd that May night in 1916 at Delmonico's, New York. Of course, the main topic of conversation was hunting and fishing, principally the latter sport. Most of those present were skilled with gun or expert with rod and reel.
GIVEN some crisp, cold winter's day, or, again, some morning of the early springtime, when the very earth seems to cry to come tramp outdoors, and given the stirring call of army bugle to summon you thence; the lure and the thrill of learning; the art of soldiering for the flag, not in stuffy barracks and drill hall or armory, but squarely on field and stream.
WHEN the photograph of the two fish reproduced herewith was first brought to my attention and I was asked to put a name to them, I said, "two small-mouth bass of medium size." The statement that the larger of the two represented a specimen of sixteen pounds weight, I could not believe.
BULLETIN OF THE American Game Protective Association
THEODORE ROOSEVELT’S WAR MESSAGE TO AMERICAN SPORTSMEN
The Colonel's Message:
'You Shall Not Pass'
(Signed) THEODORE ROOSEVELT.
E. A. QUARLES
FROM the hospital when he was convalescing from his recent severe illness, Theodore Roosevelt, our premier sportsman, sent a war message to the Fourth Annual Conference of the American Game Protective Association. It was typically Rooseveltian.
BULLETIN OF THE American Game Protective Association
THE BOBWHITE QUAIL
Shall We Have Him as a Live Game Bird or a Dead Song Bird?
Quail Probably Hard Hit in Most States
No Aspersion of Farmer
Shot for Years; Still Plentiful
War on Vermin Brings Good Results
Several Coveys Perished
Hungarian Partridge Also
AN EXCELLENT APPOINTMENT
IN the April BULLETIN there was told a story of the decimation of Ohio's quail this winter, following their placing on the song bird list. The tragedy, for tragedy it was, was attributed in large part to the failure of non-sportsmen bird lovers to give these birds the attention that proponents of the bill had assured the legislature they would, once the birds were taken off the game list.
BULLETIN OF THE American Game Protective Association
IMPROVEMENT OF RUFFED GROUSE COVERS
Improvements to Woods and Forests
Barbed Wire Kills Many
Raptores, or Hawks and Owls
Cooper Ranks Second
Locating Tree Nesters
IN selecting the Ruffed Grouse and its habitat as the subject of my paper here today I have been influenced in making this choice by the fact (too apparent to the sportsmen and naturalists of the country) that this handsome game bird is rapidly decreasing to the danger point, and that unless special methods of protection are immediately applied, his utility from a sportsman's point of view will, in many districts, vanish.
WITHOUT doubt the majority of canoe owners have often longed to possess one of the sailing outfits, such as sold by all sporting goods dealers, but possibly lacked the amount of cash required to make the purchase. That is, however, no reason why one should not have an outfit the equal of any the factories have put on the market to date.
I have noticed with interest the questions and answers printed in your department of FIELD AND STREAM. I have received a lot of useful hints and am pleased with the magazine in general. In the last few numbers I have noticed questions pertaining to the waterproofing of boots and other leather goods.
Having read the article "Leather Working" by Dwight Franklin, in the January copy of FIELD AND STREAM, I have taken the liberty of sending you a sketch of a very handy and cheap riveting tool. It is not only a handy tool for the man who wishes to pass the evenings in making leather novelties, but it is a very handy tool for the man who drives horses in the woods while getting out timber, for if a strap should happen to break it can very quickly be mended with a rivet.
To Readers of FIELD & STREAM: In the March number of this excellent magazine is an article I wrote bearing the title of "Deer, Turkey and Quail Shooting in Florida." In the course of this article, and on page No. 918 of the magazine, I refer to the fact that in my opinion the open season on game is too long.
WHAT sort of clothing to wear on a hike depends largely upon the country you go through, the time of year, and last, but not least, your personal taste. I hesitate to write much about this end of the game, but since our editor has put it up to me, I shall describe my own outfit, hoping that brother-campers may find some value in my suggestions.
MOVING PICTURE FILMS FOR YOUR ANNUAL SPORTSMEN'S CLUB OR ASSOCIATION BANQUET
You will note on page 60 an announcement of "FIELD AND STREAM'S" moving pictures of Hunting and Fishing. These pictures were secured by Dr. E. L. Warren, for the Ramsey County Game Protective Association's annual dinner, and following is a letter, written the day following the showing of these pictures: “March 16, 1918.
THE above cartridge has caused me to yell Eureka. I have spent hard-earned money for hand-made barrels, a market-basket full of loading tools, and sweated over a hot fire for untold hours, trying to get up a fixed cartridge load that was accurate.
MY DEAR MR. WESSEL: I have your letter in regard to deer rifles, forwarded through the editor of FIELD AND STREAM, and am more than glad to be of any service to you that I can—you want to bear in mind, though, that I don't pretend to be a gun expert in the sense that Captain Whelen and E. C. Crossman are, although I have had a good deal of experience during the past twenty years with rifles of both the sport ing and military type.
Is the Nitro Hunter 20-gauge shotgun, manufactured by the Belknap Hardware Company a good gun for birds and small game such as rabbits and squirrels? What do you think of the Dayton motor bicycle put out by the Davis Sewing Machine Company for spins into the woods on short hunting and fishing trips?
As many sportsmen appear to be interested in the .45-70 rifle for hunting deer and other large game, and with very inadequate knowledge of its capabilities and the variety of ammunition that can be used in it, my experiences with it during over twenty years during which it was my only rifle may be of service to them.
I am a reader of your FIELD AND STREAM, and would like to be enlightened on the following; I have a 12-gauge shotgun with 30-inch barrels, R. B. model, L. B. full. The gun-smith who sold me this recently was very partial to 30-inch barrels, but it is my opinion that a 28-inch would be of better advantage for all around use.
Kindly tell me what is the best substance to put inside of a gun cabinet to absorb the moisture and thereby keep the guns from rusting. Calcium carbide, calcium chloride, glycerine and gum camphor all have been suggested. I would thank you for your opinion in this matter.
Being a few miles within the greatest goose country in California, if not the whole United States, I would like to know if a 20-gauge gun is good and effective up to forty yards for geese—whether a Stevens .20 with a 32-inch barrel or a Winchester with a 25-inch is the best?
Please answer the following questions in your next issue of FIELD AND STREAM. I am sure a great many of your readers are tenderfeet like I am, and do not understand a lot of things they read about in your magazine. What is meant by: 1. Full-choked.
I would like to know if, when a gun is described as being taper choked, it means full or medium, and when the choke is not mentioned what choke is it supposed to be ? Can an amateur train a beagle pup to hunt rabbits? Would a 20-gauge be large enough for quail, ducks or rabbits?
I have an 1895 model Winchester .30 Army with a 22-inch barrel. What I want to know is whether it would be advisable and possible for me to put a 28-inch barrel on the gun? Wouldn't the longer barrel increase the velocity and the accuracy? But would the longer barrel tend to make an unpleasant "whip"?
I am enclosing a photograph of a .32-20 Colt's that shows the result of faulty copper jacketed ammunition being shot. The lead core of a bullet shot through this gun, left the copper jacket sticking in the muzzle of the barrel, just under the front sight, and when the second shot was fired with this obstruction in the muzzle the result is evident.
I have been offered a Winchester Carbine .44-40 caliber which I rather like. How would it work for deer hunting and about what is its greatest effective range on deer? What effect has the wind on the flight of ducks, and in which direction should a blind face on a lake where the prevailing winds are between west and northwest?
Would you be kind enough to give me the following information: I would like to get a single-chambered pistol for .22 short, .22 long and .22 long rifle cartridges for target purposes. Would you please inform me what make is best for this purpose, where to obtain it and the probable cost of same?
Will a gun with 32-inch extreme full choke barrel kill at a longer range than a gun with 30-inch full choke barrel? Both guns are 12-gauge, made by the same manufacturer, using identically the same shells as to powder and shot loads. If the latter is an excellent killing gun at 40 yards, will the former do the same at 50 yards or better?
MODIFIED OR IMPROVED CYLINDER CHOKE FOR A 20-BORE?
HERBERT L. BUCKNAM
I am using a 20-gauge shotgun for quail. Which is preferable for a mediocre shot, a barrel of modified or cylinder bore? Respectfully, Ans.—For a 20-gauge, we would suggest the right barrel improved cylinder and the left barrel modified CHOKE.
I wish to buy the best rifle for moose, bear, etc. What are the good points of the Winchester shooting the .30 Gov't '06 cartridge? How does this gun group at 100, 200 and 300 yards? How does this gun compare with the U. S. Springfield? Can one buy a Springfield?
I would ask your advice as to what shells to use in a 12-gauge treble choke bore shotgun which I would use mostly for rabbit and duck shooting. As I do not know anything about a shotgun I would like to go in on this sport. I am more interested in fishing.
Being a reader of the FIELD AND STREAM I would like to ask you the followng questions: 1. Which has the most shocking power, the .32-20 rifle cartridge or the .38 special revolver cartridge? 2. Which would be the best all-around gun for target and a side arm on big game trips, the Model 1908 Colt Army Special Revolver .32-20 mounted on a .44 caliber frame or a Colt's Officer Model, taking the .38 Special .38 long and short.
Do you consider the .303 Savage sufficiently powerful for moose? Ans.—We consider the .303 cartridge a trifle light for moose, but a great many have been killed with it, so that you need have no hesitation in using it if you already have ONE.
Among your usual interesting replies to inquiries for information in your Shotgun and Rifle Department, note in your December number, page 718, that you use the H. V. cartridge in your .32-20. Do you think this a very accurate cartridge, and is it perfectly satisfactory for deer and black bear, in regard to both accuracy and killing power?
Mr. Frank H. Gates ought to get a copy of the Ideal Handbook from the Ideal Manufacturing Company. In it he will find all the most up-to-date information about bullets and powders for the .25-20; and he will miss half the fun of his shooting if he does not reload his own shells for his single-shot rifle.
HAMMERING the clays with the regulation twelve-gauge and heavy loads has always been a man's game, and even among the sterner sex there are many who like to shoot but who cannot endure the shoulder pounding for more than a string or two without inconvenience and steadily increasing discomfort in the way of sore shoulders, flinching muscles, and progressive headaches.
1— A filled shell holder strapped around your waist will unbalance you! 2— When at the firing line, you should not stand on a board platform, but on the ground! 3— The referee's decision is final, and you must abide by it! 4— It is very annoying to walk down on the shooter next shooting before he has shot!
There is without doubt many an ardent fisherman living within almost hailing distance of his favorite lake who merely for the want of a "starter" has never come into possession of a fishing skiff to call his own. It may be that he is a chap ever so handy, and if only "set a going," he'd actually wind up in constructing a little craft worthy of a name.
Naturally American fly fishermen have concentrated much of their attention on the delightful art of fishing with the dry fly. But it must not be forgotten that while the dry fly will take the heaviest fish, when the conditions for the use of this lure are auspicious, there are times when the wet fly will take more trout, and the best of the water.
Kindly let me know by mail as soon as possible if I require a license to fish in fresh water as, for instance, the Esopus, Beaverkill, Neversink and Round-out or not. I think not, but I do not know. Ans.—We have your letter of the 12th, and in reply would say that the only non-resident license required for fishing in New York is for boundary waters, such as Greenwood Lake, the Delaware, etc., and this costs $2.50.
I would like to know a good bait to use for German carp; also a good bait for catfish. We have a stream here that has a nook or back-water to one side of it, which is full of catfish, but no one seems to be able to catch them. I, for one, have tried in all kinds of weather and conditions, both favorable and unfavorable.
Inclosed is in answer to "Oscar V. Veitch's" question on page 880 in February’s number of your magazine. I have copied it out of an old English work. "Angling, Bottom Fishing, Trolling. Spinning and Fly Fishing," by J. T. Burgess. 1867. Yours very truly, Worms may be preserved and scoured in several ways.
I would like to know through your question column what would be a good equipment for a boy who wants to fish in nearby streams of New York and New Jersey. Also, if he would have to get a license to fish. Ans.—For a boy's fishing equipment, would advise a combination bait-casting and fly-fishing rod.
To the Editor of FIELD AND STREAM; DEAR SIR: As Mr. Dilg's articles on fishing with the floating bass fly seem to attribute to me the invention of this lure, and as a certain tackle-maker modestly claims to be its originator and first maker, I beg that you will give this letter publicity.
SPECIAL HONOR PRIZES—For Small Mouth Black Bass Caught with Fly on Fly Tackle
SMALL MOUTH BLACK BASS (Southern Division)
LARGE MOUTH BLACK BASS (Micropterus salmoides) (Northern Division)
LARGE MOUTH BLACK BASS (Micropterus salmoides) (Southern Division)
GREAT NORTHERN PIKE (Esox lucius)
MUSCALLONGE (Esox nobilior)
WALL-EYED PIKE—PIKE PERCH (Stizostedion vitreum)
SALT WATER GAME FISH— BLUEFISH (Pometomus saltatrix)
STRIPED BASS (Roccus lineatus) GRAND PRIZES ONLY—For Striped Bass caught between April 1st and November 30th
WEAKFISH (Cynoscion regalis)
CHANNEL BASS (Sciaena ocellata)
TARPON (Megalops Atlanticus)
TUNA (Orcynus thynnus)
First—Contest open to all; subscribers and non-subscribers, men, women and children. Ladies' prizes given in addition to any regular prize won by them. Second—The fish must be caught with rods and reels as specified,* and in legal season.
BY way of introduction permit me to say my first tutor in gentle art of seeking Black Bass was a Methodist Minister a disciple of Peter who said "I go a fishing," Will you go along? Year 1900 Place mouth of the Octoran Creek. We made no record catch, but hooked some of the enthusiasm somehow.
To Whom it May Concern: I hereby certify that I have known Dr. G. T. Magraw, of Avondale, Penna., all my life, and believe his statements as to the facts and truth concerning the fish caught the Summer of 1917. Never knew anyone to catch any but small-mouth bass in Eden Lake.
THE dog dates back to geological times. In the Pleistocene we have a great dog, twelve feet long, distinct from the wolf of that period, whose skeleton has come down to us nearly intact. While dogs, wolves and foxes are closely allied, the interbreeding of wolves and dogs alone is well authenticated.