JANUARY: CAA considers new pilot training program for colleges. . . . Ex-Navy airman, Lt. Cmdr. Francis Reichelderfer, appointed head of U. S. Weather Bureau. . . . Congress considers air arm expansion program. . . . Miami air tour attracts over 400 planes. . . .
THE INTREPID AVIATOR was in to see us again the other day, wearing a new suit with additional pockets specially designed for the carrying of a larger quantity of our cigars. He said he saw by the papers that the Navy is engaged in testing parts of the dismantled Los Angeles to obtain information necessary for determining the future of lighter-thanair craft, and all he had to say was that it was lucky nobody ever tested parts of his dismantled “Jenny” in order to determine the future of heavier-than-air craft.
<p>EVERYBODY in the manufacturing business should have a happy New Year in 1940 but it might be a good idea to pause for a moment in celebrating the current boom to reflect on the problem of making future New Years just as happy. It is a grand and glorious feeling to know that customers are so anxious for your products that they are willing to advance funds for new factories, but remember it’s not only the first cost but the upkeep that should concern you.</p>
No job for sissies is this business of hauling freight into the jungle countries of Central America. Com petition is keen, flying conditions are bad, but here's how it is done.
<p>LAST YEAR the Transportes Aereos Centro Americanos, popular throughout the Central Americas as “TACA” hauled more freight than any other single air line in the world. To those who think of the Central Americas as the spotted tail on the southern end of Mexico, and of so little consequence it is often confused with South America, this may come as a surprise.</p>
Recent industrial unrest has forced management to recognize employee relations as one of industry's greatest problems. Lockheed found careful scrutiny of applicants beneficial to employer and employee alike.
<p>RECENT industrial unrest has forced management to recognize that employee relations constitute one of industry’s greatest problems. Lockheed has devised a system to detect hidden defects in prospective employees before they get on the payroll.</p>
Production efficiency begins long before the shop begins cutting up material. Here's how one big West Coast company simplifies things for the shop by adopting an old ship - yard technique.
Thomas J. Coughlin
WITH the urgent need for aircraft manufacturers to speed up the processes of aircraft building from the inception of design to the delivery of the finished product, methods are being sought constantly which will bring about this result.
New types of jig and fixture developed by Harlow offer potential savings to the manufacture of metal air planes.
F. A. Hoffman
IN recent years we have observed a major trend to metal in aircraft construction, even among small planes in the private and training field. Greater structural efficiency of metal has been the major factor in this trend, although some other advantages are also claimed for the metal structure, such as improved maintenance, better appearance, resistance to fire, etc.
The C.A.A. and the A.T.A. have joined forces to investigate the cause and cure of fires on board aircraft. An elaborate test rig has been set up at the Bureau of Standards for this study. What has been done and what the project is designed to ac complish is told here-
THE problem of fire prevention aboard aircraft has, perhaps, not received the attention it justly deserves until recently. This may be attributed to the fact that aircraft fires, particularly in flight, have been and are extremely rare.
Cut-and-try methods formerly used to prevent vibration failures in aircraft have been displaced by engineering analysis to point out corrective measures. The author will be remembered for his article on riding comfort in AVIATION for March, 1937.
H. H. Bruderlin
THE airplane structure is a complicated one of high elasticity and widely distributed weight and the response of its parts to the numerous vibrating forces encountered in flight has been too unpredictable to allow even a conservative degree of pioneering with any certainty of safety.
A round-up piece on the present and future of short-wave communication and navigation. This paper was prepared for presentation before the Lilienthal Gesellschaft meeting at Vienna in October, 1939, a schedule that was cancelled for reasons that are now a matter of history.
W. E. Jackson
<p>RADIO navigational aids have played an important part in the growth of aviation by contributing to the safety of flight and dependability of service. In the United States, these aids may be classed under four headings; namely navigational guidance facilities, position markers, instrument landing, and communications.</p>
ONE of the chief characteristics of the new Waco Model “E” is is the use of a plywood covered wing, following the latest engineering developments in this design. According to the Waco engineers this covering was chosen because of its higher degree of elasticity when compared with metal and because of its ability to absorb excessive gust loads without permanent set.
A SHIP that is able to equal airline schedules because of its wide range of operating features has been brought out by the Cessna Aircraft Company and designated as the T-50. It’s a low wing, five place, twin engine monoplane which is built to be well suited for business personnel transport, high speed charter, instrument training and route-checking for major airlines, aerial photography, ambulance work, and twin-engine flight instruction in the more advanced flying schools or in military flight training.
<p>LAUNCHING into a new field the Lycoming Division of Aviation Manufacturing Corporation announce a geared 75 h.p. engine. The new engine, of the Model GO-145-C series, has four air cooled horizontally opposed cylinders, and like geared engines of higher horsepower uses dynamic dampers.</p>
SOMETHING new in light planes is the three place Cub Cruiser designed especially for the operator who wants both a trainer and a light plane for passenger hopping. This new Cub is to sell for $1,798 and was first displayed at the Distributors Convention at the Cub factory in Lock Haven, Penn., on December 5th and 6th.
What's New in Accessories, Materials, Supplies, and Equipment
Reproducing drawings using dry developing is done by a new machine brought out recently by the Ozalid Corporation, Johnson City, N. Y. The machine, Model A, is a fully automatic Whiteprint machine handling cut sheets or continuous yardage, automatically separating originals from sensitized materials after exposure.
Hearings on American Export Airlines’ application to CAA for a transatlantic certificate seemed within a week or two of completion as this was written. Observers expect a short recess will follow, after which Pan American Airways, which has intervened, will present its case.
A swell show, with everything but music, will premiere on Jan. 3, when CAA, Western Air, and United, mix it over the proposed merger. Roscoe Pound, brilliant Harvard law dean, will umpire as special examiner. Senator O’Mahoney, chairman of the Senate’s TNEC (trust-bust) committee, has already turned a baleful eye on the merge and named it monopoly.
When Congress convenes January 3, it will find the House Appropriations Committee already well along with hearings on regular departmental budgets. Early in December the deficiency subcommittee completed consideration of the $271,000,000 deficiency request to cover expenses resulting from the increase in Army and Navy personnel.
As we sit back to have a look at where we’ve been last year and where we’re going next, there’s not much doubt about what the Big Aeronautical Story of 1939 was. It was not so much what did happen, as that the Great Air War hasn’t happened so far, at least in western Europe, on a scale anything like what was promised.
Last summer's experience with refueling transatlantic boats in flight has convinced the British (or at least Flight Refueling Ltd. that did the job) that it’s a practical way to increase loads on long hops in regular commercial service.
Deliveries by major aircraft manufacturers during 1939 are expected to total about $180,000,000—more than a 40% increase over 1938 sales. This is in spite of the fact that because of the necessary production lag most of the post-embargo contracts do not show up in 1939 deliveries.
On Thursday, November 30, and Friday, December 1, the Philadelphia chapter of the Institute of the Aeronautical Sciences sponsored the second annual Rotary Wing Aircraft meeting. Papers were presented by numerous dignitaries of the industry, among whom were Igor Sikorsky, Dr. Alexander Klemin and Henry Reid of the NACA.
Air Associates, Inc. for fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1939, net profits of $126,940, equal to $1.08 per share on 99,884 common shares. Compares with net profit of $104,809 or 86c. per share for 1938. Sales of $1,860,774 contrasted with $1,844,522 for the fiscal year ended Sept. 30, 1938.
Wall' Street, which spends no time these days on mere hopes and promises, is watching airline traffic. Mackay & Company, exchange members, report that airline travel is up 880 percent for the last decade, while Pullman passenger traffic shows a loss of 30 percent.
American Airlines flew 20,034,667 revenue passenger miles during November a new world’s record. This makes a 50 per cent increase over November, 1938. Braniff Airways clocked up 1,822,814 revenue passenger miles for November, representing an increase of 28.9 per cent over the same month a year ago.
As a result of the unprecedented economic development which the aircraft companies experienced last year, the industry now ranks as “big business”. The main factor contributing to this marked change in economic stature has been the greatly accelerated demand for military and commercial aircraft witnessed in the past twelve months.
The fourth annual convention of the Piper Cub distributors was held on December 5 and 6 at the Piper factory in Lock Haven, Penn. One of the outstanding events of the meeting was the announcement that the total sales of Piper Cubs for the year 1939 had been close to 2,000 ships, a lot of planes in any man’s language.