EDWARD P. WARNER THE BILL introduced into Congress by Representative Waters, designed to revise the whole structure of the contract air mail service, may well have been reported out by the Post Office Committee before this editorial appears. If so, our subject matter may seem very stale, but we shall risk that.
RATE REDUCTION is the order of the day. The air lines are vying with each other in cutting their charges to railroad levels or below. They are taking a lesson from the book of Henry Ford. Quantity production has been effective in reducing manufacturing costs throughout the range of industry.
IN THE LAST YEAR there have been four major crashes in this country due to transport air liners colliding with the ground while in full flight through obscure weather, and at least one such tragedy in Europe. That unhappy experience indicates, if indication were needed, that the policy of flying huge transport planes through bad weather by staying down within sight of the ground is not to be accepted calmly.
THAT IT IS usually darkest just before the dawn is a fact well known to those of our friends who rise sufficiently early, or who retire sufficiently late. This simple truth may well be considered in connection with the clouds of gloom which have recently been dispensed relative to the development of air transport, chiefly by those who least understand that development.
Some General Remarks and Brief Descriptions of Power Plants and Other Exhibits
AS IN previous shows the air-cooled type of engine predominated in point of numbers, in the engine exhibits, the only water-cooled representative being the Curtiss Conqueror and Geared Conqueror models. A noticeable tendency toward the inverted-inline type of air-cooled engine was observed and exemplified by the display of the new Rover engine, the Curtiss Crusader, the new Fairchild and the Chevrolet engines.
A Report on the Convening of the Fuel and Lubricant, Accessory and Material, Flying School, and Finance and Insurance Sections
EDWARD P. WARNER
HERBERT F. POWELL
THE FUEL AND LUBRICANT SECTION of the Chamber decided that the dispensing of gasoline and oil free for aircraft use should be a thing of the past. The practice, which had reached the point of not only furnishing gas and oil without charge as a means of gaining publicity for the products of certain refineries but the granting of gratuities in addition was dealt a death blow at its meeting in St.
Operators Discuss Existing Problems and Plan for Future Development at St. Louis Session
JAMES P. WINES
AIRLINE operators, in building up the passenger carrying business, are placing the cart before the horse, “Tex” Marshall, vice-president of Thompson Aeronautical Corporation, told those in attendance at a meeting of the air transport section of the Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce, held in conjunction with the second International Aeronautical Exposition at St. Louis.
Technical Papers Presented in St. Louis on Production Problems
EDWARD P. WARNER
MOMENTOUS as an index of the approach of the aircraft industry to real production methods was the staging of a production session by the Society of Automotive Engineers during their recent aeronautical meeting. Representative as they are of the automobile builders, the greatest exemplars of mass production in industrial history, the automotive engineers now for the first time recognize the term production as fairly applicable in the aeronautical world, and find an established technique of aircraft manufacture deserving independent technical discussion.
Agrees with Young. Attorney General Mitchell, citing statements made in the Air Commerce Act, backs Col. Young in his policy pursuant to the investigation of air crashes and the publication of the causes. In conclusion. The Guggenheim Fund reports on the safe flying features with which planes in the Safe Aircraft Competition were equipped.
PITTSBURGH (PA.) — Pittsburgh’s second annual Aircraft Show which opened here March 6 has drawn approximately $500,000 worth of planes, engines, and accessories according to Ray Krimm, show director. An early list of the aircraft on exhibition is as follows: Whittelsey Avian, Waco, Ryan, Consolidated Fleet, Thaden all-metal monoplane.
NEW YORK ( N. y.)—If you happen to be a passenger on the Pan American-Grace Airways from Cristobal. Canal Zone, to Guayaquil, Ecuador, as you pass over the equator King Boreas will appear and present you with an elaborate and appropriate certificate proclaiming you a “Condor in the Realm of the Boreas Rex.”
WASHINGTON (D. c.)—That the Attorney General has rendered an opinion supporting the Department of Commerce in its attitude toward the publication of information relating to accidents was disclosed by Colonel Young, Assistant Secretary of Commerce, in a hearing held Monday, March 3, on the Bingham accident bill by the Subcommittee of the Senate Commerce Committee.
Outlines Various Features Found on Contesting Planes
NEW YORK (N. Y.) —A summary of the practical results achieved by the Daniel Guggenheim Safe Aircraft Competition towards the promotion of safer aviation has been collected in a report recently issued by the Guggenheim Fund. While it is stated that no new devices were developed particularly for the Competition, the craft entered contained features which either practically or theoretically are expected to improve the control or speed range of airplanes.
ST. LOUIS (mo.)—Announcement is made that the Aluminum Company of America has been awarded the Sweepstakes Trophy for the best appearing booth, regardless of class or size, in the recent International Aircraft Show here. To the Comet Engine Corp. went first prize for booth and exhibit in the twoco-four space class at the show.
WASHINGTON (D. c.) — Although aircraft exports in general suffered a slight decline in January, 1930, as compared with January, 1929. the six months’ period ending December, 1929, shows an appreciable gain in valuation over the same period of 1928.
NEW YORK (N. y.)—Reports received here indicate that the SavoiaMarchetti S-56 and the Great Lakes Sport Trainer which have been giving demonstrations in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, since December, have created great interest in American planes.
TAMPA (fla.)—A new ordinance made effective recently prohibits acrobatics of any kind over, or nearer, the field than 1,000 ft. This rule will be suspended only when a meet is in progress. Any one intending to stunt a plane must use a parachute.
DR. LUDWIG DUERR, chief engineer and manager of factories of the Zeppelin organization in Germany, shown as he arrived in this country aboard the S.S. Hamburg en route to Akron, Ohio, where he will inspect the Goodyear-Zeppelin plant and construction work on the Navy dirigible ZRS-4.
WASHINGTON (D. c.)—There were 523 violations of air commerce regulations dealt with by the Aeronautics Branch during 1929, figures reveal, which number is an increase over 1928. These violations resulted in the assessment of fines totalling $4.755 in 179 cases.
LANSING (MICH.) - The newlycreated Board of Aeronautics of the State of Michigan has now temporarily licensed 55 airports and landing fields, with the new aero regulations effective March 1. Temporary licenses have also been issued to some several dozen flying instructors, all transport pilots, who must now be licensed by the Board of Aeronautics, and 37 school licenses have been issued.
WILMINGTON (del.)—Capt. George W. Haldeman, chief test pilot for the Bellanca Aircraft Corp., on Feb. 28 is reported to have established a new world’s altitude record for commercial planes. Using a Bellanca Pacemaker, powered with a Wright J6-9 engine, he climbed to an unofficial altitude of 33,500 feet.
Delegates Favor State Laws Based on Federal Regulations
MILWAUKEE (wís.) — Federal requirements should serve as a guide to state aviation legislation, it was held in an informal vote of delegates attending the Legislative Air Parley of Midwest States held in Milwaukee Feb. 24-25. The parley, sponsored by the Milwaukee Chapter of the National Aeronautical Association and the Wisconsin Legislative Interim Committee on Aviation, was attended by federal, state and civil aviation authorities and state legislators from ten Midwestern states. Col. Harry H. Blee, of the Department of Commerce, who spoke on aviation developments in 1929 and the outlook for 1930, said the government sought to formulate codes for the manufacture and operation of planes, licensing of pilots, and qualifications for proper airports, but that the Department of Commerce solicited the cooperation of state agencies in enforcing these codes.
Sixteen Alexander Trainer primary and secondary gliders have been delivered by the Alexander Aircraft Co., a report states. Among the larger orders were two to Central Eaglerock Sales Co., Tracy, Calif.; two to Billings Air Transport, Inc.
NEW YORK (n.y.)—All states have gasoline taxes and they range from six to two cents per gallon, a survey made by the Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce reveals. The Chamber is undertaking steps to have changes made in the laws of some states where there is no refund for gas used in aircraft or where the tax collected from aviation is not used for aeronautical purposes.
<p>NEW YORK (N.Y.)—Formation of the Bendix-Westinghouse Automotive Air Brake Co. by Bendix Aviation Corp. and the Westinghouse Air Brake Co. is announced. These two firms will hold all the capital stock of the new organization, which will continue the operation of what was formerly the automotive division of Westinghouse and will manufacture automotive air brake equipment for the new company.</p>
MIDDLETOWN (CONN.) — Russell Manufacturing Co., of Middletown, manufacturer of Rusco brake lining and other products, announces the opening of a branch office and warehouse at 411-414 Interim Warehouse Bldg., Detroit, Mich., on April 1.
CHICAGO (ill.)—Funds pledged for the support of the National Air Races to be held here this year have reached a total of $175,000. The latest pledge of $5,000, bringing the subscriptions up to the $175,000 mark, has been received from a group of aviation enthusiasts in Aurora, 111.
DETROIT (mich.)—Final lists of airplane, engine, and accessory exhibitors for the Third All-American Aircraft Show scheduled at this city April 5-12, are now being drafted. With the recent contracts for space have come nine more planes, bringing the total craft to be on display to 82.
OAKLAND (CALIF.) — An airplane is to be used by University of California astronomers to take photographs of a total eclipse of the sun which will be visible over a narrow path in northern California on April 28. While other observers at a ground station are hastily clicking cameras during the short period in which the eclipse will be total in any one location, an observer flying in an Army airplane at an altitude of 10,000 ft.
LOS ANGELES (calif.)—Plans for the construction of a new Slate dirigible of improved type are now in process of formation as various complaints are being filed with the District Attorney charging violation of the Corporate Securities Act in connection with the financing of the original Slate all metal dirigible.
BUFFALO (N. y.)—Irving Air Chute Co., Inc., of Buffalo, will establish a branch plant in Soviet Russia, probably in Moscow, under terms somewhat similar to the arrangement made with the Polish government for the branch factory in Warsaw.
LOS ANGELES (calif.)—Free airplane flights are being offered for a limited time by the Piggly-Wiggly Stores of Southern California in conjunction with the Curtiss-Wright Flying Service. There are 185 Pigglv Wiggly Stores in that area which are offering the free flights with the purchase of a sufficient quantity of groceries.
COLORADO SPRINGS (COLO.)Ten Eaglerocks were recently shipped from the factory by the Alexander Aircraft Co. here during one week, four of which went to Central Eaglerock Sales Co., Tracy, Calif. The remainder were single orders.
NEW YORK (N. y.)—Joseph Leopold, president of the Consolidated Instrument Co., announces the formation of the General Motive Control, Inc., a holding company to he identified with the operation of firms engaged in the manufacture and distribution of mechanical and electrical devices.
DÉTROIT ( MICH. ) —Valve-controlled fire extinguishers for the engines and an especially outfitted interior are among the features of a Ford triengined craft recently sold to H. H. Timken, president of the Timken Roller Bearing Co. here.
DETROIT (MICH.) —With gliding gaining such an added interest, the production of the Gull, a primary glider built by Gliders, Inc., a division of Detroit Aircraft Corp., has been increased from 100 to 200 as an initial factory order. The Philadelphia Airways recently ordered 50 and the St.
SANTA MONICA (calif.)—For the year ended Dec. 31, 1929, the net income of the Douglas Aircraft Co. amounted to $403,363 after interest and federal taxes had been subtracted. The firm, which recently moved into its new quarters near Clover Field here, reports unfilled orders on hand totalling $2,700,000.
WASHINGTON (n. c.)—Following completion of a successful 50-hr. block test of a Packard Diesel aircraft engine, the War Department has decided to buy two of the power plants and put them through extensive flying tests. These units are rated at 2Ó0 lip. and weigh under 3 lb.
BUFFALO (N. y.)—Foreign trade opportunities for the aircraft and aircraft accessory industries will be featured on the program of the two-day foreign trade conference to be held in Buffalo, at the Hotel Staffer, March 6-7, under the sponsorship of the Buffalo Chamber of Commerce.
NEW YORK (N. y.)—The regular quarterly dividend of $0.75 per share on its preferred stock has been declared by United Aircraft and Transport Corp., and will be payable April 1 to stock of record March Í0, according to directors of the company.
To Take Place in California, April 1-24, With 130 Planes
WASHINGTON (D. c.)—From April 1-24 more than one hundred and thirty planes will participate in the air Corps Field Exercises to be held in California, informs a statement from Assistant Secretary of War F. Trubee Davison. The maneuvers will be in charge of Brig.-Gen.
CLEVELAND (ohio)—Invitations to enter the competition for the Thompson Trophy Race which is to be held each year on the seventh day of the National Air Races, will be sent to the air ministries of England, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, and Spain.
<p>LOS ANGELES (calif.)—Formation of a Glider Section has been completed by the Southern California Chapter of the National Aeronautic Association. This section was formed to promote all phases of gliding and has affiliated with it all Los Angeles County glider cluhs including the Los Angeles Glider Club, Los Angeles; Pacific Glider Club, Inglewood ; Crown City Glider Club, Pasadena ; South Bay Glider Club, Redondo; Pelican Glider Club, Santa Monica ; Long Beach Glider Club, Long Beach ; Riverside Glider Club, Riverside; Arcadia Glider Club, Arcadia; San Fernando Valley Glider Club, San Fernando; Glendale Glider Club, Glendale; Pasadena Junior College Glider Club, Pasadena ; Hasting’s School of Gliding, Los Angeles Airport; and several miscellaneous clubs.</p>
WILLIAM B. STOUT has been elected president of Stout-D. & C. Lines, Inc., succeeding A. A. SCHANTZ. Other officers elected are: CHARLES T. BUSH, treasurer; CLINTON E. SEARLE, assistant treasurer; GLENN H. HOPPIN, secretary and general manager; THEODORE C. KNIGHT, assistant general manager and a director.
CLEWISTON FLYING SCHOOL, Clewiston, Fla., which opened recently, reports the enrollment of fourteen students. L. O. Duese is owner and Neil Stewart instructor of the new school. CURTISS-WRIGHT FLYING SERVICE, San Francisco, Calif., has started evening classes in ground school work.
Midland, Tex., will build an $18,000 hangar and install beacon, obstruction and boundary lights at the municipal airport. T.A.T.-Maddux Air Lines will purchase about $60,000 worth of airport beacons. Bids will be asked for a 24-in. revolving beacon with capacity of at least 4,000,000 cp., and an auxiliary beacon of 5,000 cp. to flash code letter, by Commissioner of Public Works, Detroit, Mich.
THE AUTOMATIC PARACHUTE Co., Wichita, Kan.; capital, $150,000; to manufacture parachutes incorporating a piano wire device invented by L. E. Simpson. BLEVINS AIRCRAFT CORP., Candler Field, Atlanta: capital, $25,000; by John H. Candler and Beeler Blevins ; to conduct a flying school, operate an air taxi service, and manufacture aircraft and flying accessories.
DETROIT AIRCRAFT Corp.—Capitol Airways, Inc., Indianapolis, Ind. ; for Indiana. Eaglerock—Steve Tuttle, McCook, Neb., and Paul Shaw, Iowa City, Iowa, have been appointed dealers through Rapid Aviation, Inc., Omaha, Neb. Stinson—Neil McCray, Erie County Airport, Erie, Pa. ; for northeastern Ohio and northwestern Pennsylvania.
Flight tests of a new model lowwing monoplane developed by Mohawk Aircraft Corp., Minneapolis, Minn., have been conducted under supervision of E. L. Yuravitch, a Department of Commerce inspector, and it is expected an approved type certificate will be awarded shortly. The plane differs from the Mohawk New Pinto in that it is made to use a Warner Scarab instead of Kinner power.
Approval of specifications for helium tank cars, consisting of six spherical chrome-vanadium steel containers per car, as proposed by the A. O. Smith Corp., has been denied by the Interstate Commerce Commission, largely because it is held that the proposed method of welding the containers will make them of uncertain strength.
NEW YORK (n.y.)—The first northbound mail over the New York, Rio & Buenos Aires Line system, along the east coast of South America from Santiago, Chile, arrived in this city Feb. 28. It. had been landed at Miami Feb. 26 by plane and put aboard the train for the balance öf the trip.
NEW YORK (N. y.)—Roosevelt Field, Inc., which includes both the old Roosevelt Field and the old Curtiss Field on Long Island, has issued a financial report covering the first 8 mo. of the company’s operation up to Dec. 31, 1929. Total current assets were given as $1,296,833 and current liabilities $182,953.
WASHINGTON (D. c. )—A site for the District of Columbia airport has been selected at last by the Joint Congressional Airport Commission. It is proposed by that group to develop a 280-acre airport on the land now occupied by Hoover Field and Washington Airport and part of: the ground devoted for many years to the Department of Agriculture experimental station at the foot of Arlington Cemetery.
<p>NEW Y ORK (N.Y.)—An important co-operating agreement between Pan American Airways System and Scadta has been announced. This agreement involves free interchange of passengers, express and non-mail shipments ; the sharing of each other’s airports and other airways facilities ; and the sharing of radio equipment, and allied activities.</p>
CHICAGO (ill.)—Boeing has patented its new instrument board, it has been announced. This board is designed so that air speed indicator, altimeter and tachometer hands may be arranged in a horizontal line under any given set of conditions. Then if the plane loses altitude, all hands drop below the line simultaneously and if the plane climbs the hands swing upward.
PONTIAC (mich.)—The local municipal airport, the first to receive the federal A-l-A port rating [see AVIATION for Feb. 15], is described as follows: The Pontiac Municipal airport is located 6 mi. north west of the city of Pontiac, at an elevation of 970 feet.
<p>The second hangar is the Michigan headquarters of the Thompson Aeronautical Corp., operating C.A.M.27. The hangar conforms to the architectural design of the municipal structure and measures 120x120 ft., with 20 ft. clearance. Adjoining is a two-story, administration building measuring 40x120 ft. On the first floor are sales and display rooms for planes and accessories and the accounting department. On the second floor are the superintendent’s office, pilots’ quarters equipped with beds and lockers, a store room and rest and class rooms.</p>
<p>TULSA (okla.)—Effective March 3, Southwest Air Fast Express inaugurated several changes in its operations as follows: The morning Tulsa-Oklahoma City run has been extended to Wichita Falls, Fort Worth and Dallas; the Sweetwater-Big Spring (Tex.) run has been extended to Midland, Tex.; a second section has been put on the 12:50 p.m. Tulsa-Oklahoma City-Wichita Falls run and the 10:20 a.m. return service over the-same route.</p>
BOSTON (mass.)—Plans for the development of a 1,200-acre private airport at Norwood, 12 mi. from this city, have been announced. Construction ot various sporting facilities such as tennis courts, swimming pools, airport hotel, etc., is included in the project.
Meetings for the discussion of airport matters will be held in Cincinnati, Ohio, during the aircraft show, March 26April 1. The speakers and their subjects announced to date are: Airport Lighting, by L. A. S. Wood, Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Co. ; Hangar Construction, by M. T. Clark, Pruscon Steel Co.; Aviation Insurance, by Fred N. Davey, Barber & Baldwin, Inc. ; Heating of Hangars, by Lieut.
ST. PAUL (minn.)—Northwest Airways has placed its Chicago-Twin Cities Grey Eagle service on summer schedule. The plane now leaves Chicago at 3 p.m. and arrives at St. Paul at 6:55 p.m. It leaves St. Paul at 8:45 a.m. and arrives at Chicago at 12:25 p.m.
DETROIT (mich.)—Stout Air Services, Inc., added a fourth transport plane each way daily between Detroit and Cleveland, beginning March 1. The new plane will leave the Detroit and Cleveland terminals at 3 :45 p.m. In order to permit later departures the regular 5 p.m. plane between the cities beginning March 1 departs at 5:30 p.m.
NEW YORK (N. y.)—The War Department has announced its allocation of a tract of water consisting of slightly more than three acres north of Bedloes Island in the harbor for use as the site for a seaplane base. Proposals for leasing this site are being received at Washington up to March 25.
DETROIT (mich.)—The Enterprise Electric Co. of this city, has been awarded the contract for placing obstruction lights about Detroit City Airport, William J. Wallace, engineermanager of the airport, announced here recently. The Enterprise bid was $10,890.
<p>LOS ANGELES (calif.)—Western Air Express officials have announced placing contracts for approximately $200,000 worth of radio equipment with the Western Electric Co. This order provides for two-way radio telephone installations in 29 planes and 17 ground stations.</p>
WASHINGTON (D. c.)—Action favorable to the Watres air mail bill is expected by March 10. By that time it is hoped the bill will be reported out to the floor of the House with the approval of the Post Offices and Post Roads Committee, before whom it is now pending.
<p>NEW \ ORK (N.Y.)—A substantial reduction in rates for the air-messenger service, operated jointly between this city and Boston by Colonial Air Transport and Western Union, has been announced. The previous flat charge of $5 for all packages weighing up to 5 lb. has been changed to the following: Packages weighing up to 1 lb., $1.25; 2 lb., $2; 5 lb., $3; 10 lb., $4; 15 lb. $5, and $1 per pound for each 5 lb. over that weight.</p>
LOS ANGELES (calif.)—Effective March 1 the Los Angeles-El Paso route of Standard Airlines has been changed to include San Diego and El Centro as regular stops each way. This marks the abandonment of flying through the San Gorgonio Pass east of San Bernardino, which has been the only hazardous portion of the entire route.
THE DETROIT-WAYNE Industrial Airport Corp., owners of the milesquare airport on which Stinson Aircraft Corp. is located, recently announced plans for erection of a modern administration building. The building will be the first unit of a comprehensive development planned for the future.
The Illinois State Legislature has voted to permit park boards to assume direction of the operation of airports as part of their duties. Airview Flying Service, Inc., operating Red Bank (N. J.) Airport, reports net earnings of $9,711.16 for 1929 before depreciation, and has declared a three per cent dividend for the year on the 1,212 shares of $100 par value preferred stock outstanding.
LOS ANGELES (calif.)—Headquarters for Richefield Oil Co. of California will be established at nine airports in the west and southwest, where Rich-, field gasoline and oils are being furnished for commercial aviation interests. Nine service department employees have been promoted to fill the representative positions thus created.
COLUMBUS (ohio)—This city has been selected as the site for location of one of the new radio range beacons. Application for the lease, which was made by Airways Engineer George D. Barr of the U. S. Department of Commerce, was approved by Service Director Duffy.
BIRMINGHAM (ala.)—Birmingham has voted a $1,000,000 bond issue to finance a municipal airport. The site consists of a little over 300 acres near the city. Work on the project will begin immediately. An administration building, carrying out the old Southern plantation home style, and a large hangar, will be built.
LONDON (england)—Award of trophies and certificates of the Royal Aero Club was made by H.R.H., the Duke of York, at a banquet Feb. 5. Speeches were made by the Duke of York; Sir Philip Sassoon, chairman of the Royal Aero Club ; Handley Page, chairman of the Society of British Aircraft Construction ; F. Mantague, Under Secretary of State for Air ; and Lord Wakefield, called “the patron saint of British aviation” for his many gifts and offers of prizes.
CORDOVA (argentina)—Successful tests of the first airplane engine manufactured in this country were made recently before ranking Army officers. The engine, built under license from the French Lorraine-Dietrich company, is a 12-cylinder ‘W,’ watercooled type, with a rated horsepower of 450.
PARIS (france)—Moteurs Renault of Billancourt has just completed the official tests on its new light plane engine. It is a 4 cyl., in-line, aircooled engine, with dual ignition and rated at 95/105 hp. at 2,000 r.p.m. The price is anticipated to be about $990.
<p>LONDON (england)—Survey of the route to be followed by Imperial Airways’ line to Cape Colony, South Africa, is rapidly being completed, according to Sir Alan Cobham, who has been supervising part of the work. Stops along the line will be at Cairo, Wadi-Halfa, Khartum, Mongalla, Nairobi, Mbeya, Salisbury, Johannesburg, Cape Town.</p>
<p>PARIS (france)—On April 23, Compagnie Internationale de Navigation Arienne will celebrate the tenth anniversary of the founding of the company. Together with a review of activities during that period, company officials have announced plans for further expansion this year.</p>
LONDON (england)—An official report has been made of the crash of the Fairey long-range monoplane in the attempt to establish a new long distance record through the flight from England to Cape Town. The machine crashed at Tunis, killing the two pilots, Squadron Leader Jones-Williams and Flight Lieutenant Jenkins.
LONDON (england)—Details of the important new British aviation firm, which have been rumored for several months, have finally been announced. The name is Aircraft Investment Corp., Ltd., and directors are: Andrew Holt (chairman), P. W. Pitt, H. C. Bevan, Ian W. W. Shepherd, Brian E. Lewis, Sir Henry Segrave, H. P. Holt, D. C. Tewson.
BELGRADE (JUGOSLAVIA) - This country now has two companies manufacturing airplanes and two manufacturing aircraft engines. “Ikarus” and “Fizir” are planes designed here; Dewoitine 27, Potez 25, Breguet 19, Gourdon-Lesseure, Hanriot 14, and Brandenburg planes are manufactured under license.
PARIS (france)—Groupement Aeronautique Industriel is the name of a new French firm which combines the following: Ateliers d’Aviation Louis Breguet: Avions Henry Potez ; Etablissements Liore et Olivier; Etablissements Louis Renault; Société Française HispanoSuiza.
Col. Roberto Fierro of the Mexican Army Air Force has succeeded Juan G. Villasana as chief of the department of aviation in the Ministry of Communications and Public Works. A pursuit plane designed by Pulawski and designated as P.1, and said to have a top speed of 192 m.p.h., is now being manufactured by the Polish State Aircraft Factory at Warsaw.
BILLANCOURT (ïrance)—Representing essentially development and refinement of the well-known model F.190, the new Farman model F.300 is an eight-passenger semi-cantilever monoplane, powered with three 230 hp. engines, various different makes of which, are fitted.
<p>WHITLEY (England)—Special apparatus for testing metal ribs for aircraft wings has been developed by Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft, Ltd. ít consists of a framework in which the rib is held, with a series of levers by means of which downward pull may be exerted on the rib at specific points, so that any weakness may be easily localized.</p>
BUCHAREST (roumania)—Budget for civil aviation for 1930 is $204,271, of which $102,000 is for subsidies and insurance. No provision is made for the purchase of new planes or equipment. Control of civil aviation was transferred from the Ministry of War to the Ministry of Industry and Commerce on Jan. 1 of this year, according to report submitted by the U. S.
I have just finished reading your editorial on “Private Flying Clubs.” You are right when you say that there are many Americans who are observing the British light plane clubs with admiration and envy ! I am sure that there are thousands of young business men like myself who are sold on the future of flying for both pleasure and business, but who cannot learn to fly because of the prohibitive cost.
To THE EDITOR: On page 321 of your issue for February 15th you have a picture of the passenger station at Lambert Field, St. Louis, Mo., with a line of explanation reading ”A Transcontinental Air Transport plane at the Columbus, Ohio, station.”
WE HEREBY make respectful in\ quiry as to the why and wherej fore of the searchlights which sweep } the heavens from a dozen high towers j in and around our fair city. From > various sources we have heard that j these are air beacons, designed to help ? aviators, just as lighthouses aid marj iners, and that in consequence they s must be accepted as evidence of prog-. s ress, indicating as they do that New j York is becoming air-minded.
THIS LITTLE VOLUME, prepared by the editors of the U. S. Aviation Reports, should be welcomed by all aviators who are engaged in either interstate or intrastate activities. Unlike most pocket manuals, convenience is not its only virtue.
THE RESULTS of a study of the aerodynamic characteristics of airplanes with and without gaps between the fuselage and wing are told here. Three model airplanes were tested: a conventional type of biplane training plane, a small parasol two seater, and a high-wing cantilever cabin monoplane.
ALONG ONE EDGE of the rim of an airplane wheel, and within the stream-line of the tire is welded a V-shaped brakeband. Several pairs of brake shoes are pivoted on a support mounted on the stub shaft of the wheel.
<p>1,744,233. PROJECTILE FOR ANTI; AIRCRAFT FIRE. PIETRO LOCORI, Pitelli, !; Italy. Filed Dec. 24, 1927. Serial No. ;! 242,413, and in Italy Jan. 11, 1927. 4 ; Claims. (Cl. 102—29.) A PROJECTILE contains a steel cable | of great length and a parachute to ; which one end of the cable is attached. ¡¡ The other end of the cable is attached to a metal disc.</p>
A DEVICE for comparing the direction of aircraft flight with a map of the terrain over which the craft is flying. A map is unwound from one roller and wound upon another roller, the driving mechanism including an air-driven fan so that the movement of the map shall be proportional to the air speed.
A HOOK depending from an airplane is intended to engage a cord extending over two posts and having its ends connected to the article to be picked up. The cord is made of elastic for the purpose of lessening the shock delivered to the craft due to the inertia
IN ORDER TO PRODUCE effective operation of the carburetor at higher altitudes, this device makes provision for increasing the amount of air supplied to the mixture and at the same time producing suction above the fuel in the float chamber. For furnishing an auxiliary air supply there is provided an auxiliary passage connected in parallel across the usual venturi passage between the main air supply and the discharge passage for the air and gas mixture. The auxiliary passage is controlled, byua „valve ¡designed to be operated by the pilot. For producing suction on the upper surface of the fuel in the float chamber, there is provided a by-pass extending from a point below the valve to the upper end of the fuel float chamber. It is stated that the opening of the valve opening to permit auxiliary air to move through the auxiliary passage will create suction in the by-pass.
THE CONTROL STICK of an airplane is made in two portions, the upper portion having a squared shank which fits into a square recess in the lower portion. Locking levers are pivoted on the lower portion, the upper ends of these levers having the form of hooks for engaging over the squared shanks of the lower member to lock the members together.
Two INTERCONNECTED control sticks are provided for instructor and student, respectively. The student’s stick, however, is formed in two parts connected by a universal joint. A sleeve is slidable on the student’s stick so that when the sleeve covers the universal joint and extends over both parts of the stick the student can operate the controls but when the sleeve uncovers the joint then the upper part of the stick is intended to
AFLOAT for hydroplanes is constructed of sheets of a light metal such as aluminum. The float is divided by thin metal plates into several compartments. Vertical and inclined beams or struts reinforce the structure. The joints are designed to be made water tight by extending one of the two plates beyond the meeting edge to form an angular recess in which is
THE ORDINARY AIRPLANE wing is provided at each side with pivoted extensions which are connected by pulleys and cables to be actuated in opposite directions, somewhat in the manner of ailerons. The pilot controls the setting of the wing extensions by means of a handle which is connected to the cables through a sprocket-chain.
A PAIR OF PROPELLERS are positioned on the wings to be driven by the travel of the craft and to provide the power for operating the ailerons and elevators, respectively. Each propeller has pivoted blades which are held with their planes in the direction of flight so that no rotation of the propeller results when the craft is level.
<p>THE MODEL LH crawler-tractor recently placed on the market by the Trackson Company, 500 Clinton Street, Milwaukee, Wis., is a multi-purpose machine suited to the work of an industrial plant operator. It is of all steel construction with electric steel castings where special strains are encountered.</p>
THE General Electric Company, Schenectady, N. Y., has recently introduced a new Type DO-18 thermocouple engine temperature indicator for aircraft which measures the temperature of cylinder heads, cylinder walls or hot spots, giving immediate indication of heating and cooling.
<p>ANEW electric code beacon for use along airlines where the installation of a standard 24 in. revolving beacon is impractical has recently been added to the line of equipment manufactured by the Pyle-National Company, Chicago, 111. The beacon is also used for marking obstacles such as bridges, power transmission towers, and tall buildings along airlines or near landingfields.</p>
► Barling NB-3. A recent folder issued by the Nicholas Beazley Airplane Company, Inc. discusses the design features of the Barling NB-3 which recommend it for student training. Evidence is presented to show that students have learned to fly in one day while using this plane.
AN ILLUMINATED wind direction indicator for marking an airport and showing variable or direct winds is manufactured by William F. Qualls, 212 East Wayne Street, South Bend, Ind., and distributed by the Curtiss-Wright Flying Service, 27 West 57th Street. New York City.
Well, Ed, it seems it is about time for me to leave “America’s Most Interesting City” an I guess I am not going to be able to look into the aeronautical situation after all, on account I being so busy with other important matters. Well, in the first place the horse racing business is in terrible shape as none of the horses was running in the order I set down for them.