On page 242 of this issue is to be found an interesting and informative article entitled Meteorology of the North Atlantic and Trans-Atlantic Flight." It is written by Willis Ray Gregg, meteorologist in charge of aerological investigations of the U. S. Weather Bureau.
RIGHT AT the very start of his search the prospective buyer of aircraft meets a difficulty which is almost insurmountable. Whether he be an experienced operator of aircraft or whether he be a novice he knows that the majority of claims made for the performance of aircraft are not based on rigid flight tests but are merely the estimates of the designer or salesman.
MR. ROBERT KNAUSS of the Deutsche Luft Hansa air transport company, who was in charge of the Moscow-Pekin Flight in 1926, makes, in a letter to AVIATION, an interesting point concerning the recent flights across the Atlantic and Pacific.
LIEUT. LESTER J. MAITLAND coined a new word in writing of his San Francisco-Hawaii flight, one that has been greatly needed in writing of flying. He suggests that we use the term “Avigation” for the directing or operating of aircraft from one place to another.
Meteorology of the North Atlantic and Trans-Atlantic Flight
Meteorology of the North Atlantic and Trans-Atlantic Flight
Facts and Figures on Weather Conditions that Confront Ocean Fliers
WILLIS RAY GREGG
<p>THE AIRWAY between New York and Chicago and that between New York and Europe have many features in common. The first bids fair to offer the most attractive commercial possibilities of any in the United States, serving as it does the largest centers of population and industrial enterprises.</p>
New Record for Aerial Travel in Europe and Asia Made by American Publisher
THE NEWSPAPER accounts of the air trips by Mr. Van Lear Black, the owner of the Baltimore Sun, have only given the more spectacular cf the many air journeys this true air traveller has flown. In a recent letter to AVIATION Mr. A. Plesman, director of the K. L. M. Transport Company of Holland gave a table showing the trips made by Mr. Black.
FEW PEOPLE have had the opportunity of viewing a total eclipse of the sun from the air and only three, as far as I know have been so fortunate as to see it from that ideal vehicle for the purpose, a free balloon. Not only is the view more unobstructed than that obtainable from an airplane, but owing to the absence of noise and vibration, the sounds from the ground below, the crowing of cocks, barking of dogs, etc., can be distinctly heard.
Develops 100 H.P. at 1800 R.P.M. and is Designed for Ease of Maintenance and Consistency of Operation
THE KINNER AIRPLANE AND MOTOR CORE., of Glendale, Cal., has produced a three place Kinner Airster equipped with a five cylinder air cooled Kinner engine. The Kinner engine, model K2, is a four cycle engine having a bore of 4.26 in. and a stroke of 5.24 in.
Dr. L. H. Bauer, medical director, Aeronautics Branch, Department of Commerce, has just returned from a five weeks’ trip through the western states where he completed organizing the Medical Service for the Aeronautics Branch authorized by the Air Commerce Act of 1926.
<p>Postmaster General New has awarded to the Pan-American Airways, Inc., of New York City, John K. Montgomery, vice-president, the contract for carrying mail by air between Key West, Florida, and Havana, Cuba. The bids were opened recently and only one other bidder, the Cuban-American Air Lines, Inc., of Miami, Fla., contested.</p>
Detroit will raise $25,000 for the International Balloon Race for the Gordon Bennett Cup to be held in that city early in September. At a recent meeting, Edsel B. Ford started off the fund by donating $5,000 and the use of Ford airport for holding the race.
Majors Lee Mason and W. C. Brooks, the two American pilots until recently connected with the Nicaraguan Air Service, have joined the staff of the Gates Flying Circus and Aviation Company. They will instruct students at the flying school recently established by the company at Teterboro Airport, Hasbrouck Heights, N. J.
On page 1437 of the June 27 issue of AVIATION it was stated that the model “Spirit of St. Louis” radio loud speaker was constructed by the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Co., Inc. Attention is called to the fact that the model was constructed by the Broadfield Toy Co., Hempstead, L. I.
THE FIRST scheduled trips over the Deutsche Luft Hansa air lines were begun in April, 1926. Since then traffic—passenger, mail and freight—has grown steadily. This year, new air routes have been added to those operated in 1926, so that it can be said that after a year’s operation, Germany is provided with the most complete aerial traffic service of any country in the world.
<p>Arrangement has been made by the Contest Committee of the National Aeronautical Association of instructions for entrants in the Mainland-Honolulu flight to begin Aug. 12 for which James D. Doyle of Honolulu has offered $35,000 in prizes.</p>
Col. Charles A. Lindbergh has accepted the associate chairmanship of the national contest in the construction and flying of miniature airplanes to be conducted on public playgrounds this summer, it was announced recently by the Playground and Recreation Association of America, which will conduct the contest.
Aviation and radio were linked in an unusual way through participation of the Crosley “Stork” in the third National Reliability Tour, which ended at Detroit on July 12. The Stork is a Waco biplane, with 200 hp. Wright Whirlwind engine, owned by Powel Crosley, Jr., president of the Crosley Radio Corp., of Cincinnati.
By Special Arrangement with the Automotive and Transportation Divisions, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce
The Condor Syndicat, a German operated air line, expects a super-Dornier plane to be in Rio de Janeiro within a short time. This plane will have a capacity of 22 passengers and 7,730 lb. of cargo and is intended for use on the Rio to Santos line to be inaugurated by the Condor Syndicat.
Business certainly must be picking up for the Pioneer Instrument Company, when it can afford to take over the entire front cover of The Saturday Evening Post for its advertising. That cover picture on the Saturday Evening Post—the picture of a flier entitled “Pioneer”—has been puzzling us ever since we first saw it.
Since the arrival of the National Air tour in Wichita, on July 10, air circles in that city have been teeming with new life. B. H. Griffin of Oklahoma City and Art Goebel, California movie flier, have contracted for Travel Air monoplanes, and W. E. Erwin, Dallas flier, is in Wichita supervising the building of a SWALLOW monoplane.
The superintendent of AirAvay Extension, John Bonforte, located in Boise at present, is making a survey for 20 beacon lights betAveen the Boise and Pasco airway. The Varney planes, IAOAV able to carry mail only by day, will do night flying Avhen necessary and Aveather permitting.
The Dennison Airport, built to serve Boston’s commercial interests in the air is rapidly nearing completion. The Spanish stucco hangar is already completed, and a hydraulic dredger is making fast work of laying a three ft. gravel fill over the firm ground of the Squantum marshes.
Two announcements, coming simultaneously, indicate great activity in the aviation circles of Orlando. The first was ine practical assurance of the construction of a large and modern municipal airport and the second the inauguration of Florida’s first air taxi service.
The public seems to be taking advantage more and more of the rapid transportation afforded by airplane for the more common missions upon which they are called. Recently Mrs. John W. Miller, living east of Kokomo, had Clyde Shockley, a local pilot, take her to Koontz Lake, where she went to see about leasing a cottage and to visit a few friends.
'Ed. G. Scott, one of the leading citizens of Paducah, in cooperation with the local Board of Trade, is backing the movement for a flying field on Clark’s river ferry road, located at the city limits. The property which Mr. Scott plans to turn into a flying field is ideal for the purpose, and has already proven popular with Army and other fliers coming to Paducah.
At a special meeting of the board of directors of the Bismarck Association recently, a lease was negotiated for an eighty acre piece of land on the river bottom, just south of Ihe city, which will be designated as Bismarck’s aviation hela. The landing field will be marked immediately with signs which are familiar to aviators so that they can see its location as soon as they arrive near Bismarck.
Activity at Hadley Field continues at high pitch and is, in fact, rapidly increasing. As is well known, the field which is located five mdes northeast of the city of New Brunswick, N. J., on the Raritan River, is the eastern terminus of the trans-continental Air Mail Service which has been operated -by the Post Office Department and is now being turned over to private contractors.
Longfield is leading all fields in its part of the state for business. A new American Eagle, two Canucks, a Jenny and an occasional Waco are used on the field. The American Eagle agency is also located there. The flying school has thirtytwo students enrolled and a woman’s class will start shortly.
A meeting of the aviation committee of the Rocky Mount Chamber of Commerce was held at the offices of the commercial organization July 1. J. B. Ramsey presided over the meeting, stating the purpose and calling attention to the importance of Rocky Mount doing something in regard to establishing an airport.
A site on the shore of Montreal has been selected for an airport by the Dominion Government. Numerous places were inspected by representatives of Canada and Great Britain. The decision in favor of Montreal was made chiefly because of its connection with the St. Lawrence River.
What western fliers say is a Pacific Coast speed record for OX-5 jobs was made early this month by Pilot Nick B. Marner of Spokane when he flew his Swallow from Spokane to Santa Ana, Cal., in 12V> hours of flying time. The distance by air line is estimated at 1300 miles, giving him an average of more than 100 m.p.h.
The Hamilton Metalplane Co., of Milwaukee, makers of the monoplane “Maiden Milwaukee,” which won second place in the Ford reliability tour, will file articles of incorporation with the secretary of state at Madison. The company will petition for incorporation rights to sell aircraft and parte, machinery and tools, and to operate a transportation business for the carrying of passengers and property as a common carrier.
On July 20, the Trump Airways, Inc., began the operation of an inclosed plane for passenger service between the twin ports and the twin cities. Clarence A. Trump of the company reached an agreement with A. H. Hase, president of the Arrowhead Airways, Inc., which is also operating a line between the same cities, to use the same field Hase is using for landing.
Since the visit to this city of Major Dargue and his companions with their Army planes, interest in aviation is at its highest, and Harold L. Geisse, president of the local chamber of commerce, has appointed a committee to make plans for a suitable landing field.
On Friday, July 8, the City of Dallas took possession of Love Field, purchased from the Love Field Corporation. The purchase consists of 115 acres, now being used, as a landing field, and in addition the city bought two adjoining tracts, sufficient to increase the area to 173 acres.
In the Fourth Annual Machine Gun and Bombing Competition, recently completed at Langley Field, Va., Capt. Hugh M. Elmendorf, a member of the First Pursuit Group, Selfridge Field, Mich., was the winner of the contest for pursuit pilots.
The Third National Reliability Tour has been successfully concluded and much has been learned concerning the increasingly improving qualities of air transport airplanes. The Ford Tour, to give it its popular name, has had a great influence on the development of commercial types of airplanes in this country.