AS IN the unfoldment of all other arts so in aviation, the development progresses through a series of phases which may at times prove delusive. A few years ago, American aviation was outstanding in the World development by the records which were continually being broken.
IN THE establishment of aids to air navigation, one of the most important problems which the Department of Commerce has to face is the proper and best utilization of the facilities which already exist.
THE ARABIAN Nights do not tell what eventually became of Aladdin’s wonderful lamp that transported him and his beautiful Princess Badroulboudour in his palace by air from Africa to its original location in Asia. It does relate, however, that the journey was made with only two slight shocks, one when it was taken up off the ground and the other when it landed.
In a highly interesting article, published by the Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., in a special edition of The Goodyear News, the share of that company in the growth of aeronautics is given as one of the most romantic chapters in its experience. In 1911 the company concluded that aviation would be a factor in future problems of transportation and accordingly made plans for development of the industry along this line.
A collection of data on airfoils has been made by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, from the published reports of the leading aerodynamic laboratories of this country and Europe. This information, which is contained in a report entitled “Aerodynamic Characteristics of Airfoils”, was originally expressed according to the different customs of the several laboratories, but is here presented in a uniform series of charts and tables suitable for the use of designing engineers and for purposes of general reference.
The executive head of the Fairchild Aviation Corporation, Sherman M. Fairchild, is in Europe on a visit to various aircraft centers. Before sailing be announced the appointment of two new territorial representatives for the Fairchild Aerial Surveys, a subsidiary of the parent Corporation.
Statistics of domestic exports of aircraft and engines, from the United States, for the month of July, are given as follows by the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, Department of Commerce, Washington:
ONE OF the greatest handicaps which commercial aviation has to overcome is the reluctance of the business man to invest his capital in an enterprise which he still regards as hazardous. To a large extent his reluctance is based upon the fear of accidents resulting in personal injury to passenger, public or pilot, and in litigation and liability likely to cast a heavy burden not only upon the earnings of the business, but upon its assets.
The International Lightplane Competition at Orly, France
The international lightplane competition which was held under the auspices of the French Aerial Association from Aug. 9 to 15 at Orly, near Paris, France was won by Dr. Zdenko Lhota on an Avia BH 10 two-seater monoplane fitted with a 60 lip.
The Japanese Government has announced its desire, by the inclusion of items in the next year’s budget, of spending approximately 22,000,000 Yen over a period of seven years in promoting commercial aviation. The plan calls for the formation of an air transportation company, capitalization of which is to be subscribed entirely by individuals.
Pioneers in the construction of steel products for over a quarter of a century, Trachte Brothers Company, Inc., of Madison, Wisconsin, is rapidly taking its place among the most popular manufacturers of portable steel airplane hangars in the central West.
In two out of three series of the German seaplane competition, held at Warnemunde July 12, the winning planes were equipped with Aeron-Reed propellers. A Junkers plane, with Junkers engine L-5, 230 hp., and a Heinkel plane, H-E5, with Jupiter engine, 420 hp., won the contests, being equipped with Reed propellers made by the Mattallbank, of Frankfurt, Germany, from alloy of duralumin.
The first mooring of an airship at a privately owned airship tower and, in fact, the first mooring of this particular ship at any tower, occured on Sept. 18, when the Army semirigid airship RS-1, under the command of Col. John Paegelow of Scott Field, was hauled down in a perfect landing to the new Ford airship tower at Ford airport, Dearborn, Mich.
Radio compass stations, whose activities have been heretofore directed to informing ships at sea of their bearings, are to be expanded to undertake a similar service to aviation. This has been announced by the Bureau of Aeronautics, Department of the Navy.
ONE OF the new lightplanes developed during the past year and which made its first appearance at Philadelphia during the National Air Races was the Meyers Midget, a very small single-seater biplane with a Bristol Cherub III engine of 30 lip.
On page 503 of AVIATION, Sept. 20, in the article on the National Air Races, there appeared a table of results of Event No. 14, the race for the Liberty Engine Builders’ Trophy. In this table, due to an error in copying the official score card, all the Curtiss O-l’s and the Douglas O-2’s were called Vought planes and said to be equipped with the Wright J-4 engine, which, of course, is the engine fitted in the Vought UO-1.
The Bureau of Standards of the Department of Commerce has just perfected an instrument with which to measure the tension of the fabric covering of airplanes and airships. The instrument was devised for the Bureau of Aeronautics of the Navy Department.
Governor John H. Trumbull of Connecticut, Chairman of the Board of Colonial Air Transport, Inc., has announced the election as president of the Company of Major Gen. John F. O’Ryan of New York to succeed W. Irving Bullard, who has resigned to become chairman of the Executive Committee.
Two recently appointed airway superintendents, John Bonforte and Alvin Smith, are about to conduct lighting and other surveys on the established Pasco-Elko and the Los AngelesSalt Lake City airways. Bonforte will cover the first named route and Smith the latter.
Another indication that aviation is shortly to come into its own, is that at least one manufacturer has begun to design his product specifically for the use of aviators. The manufacturer we have reference to is in the fountain pen business, and is spending a great deal of money advertising that his pen can be dropped three thousand feet without breaking.
On Sept. 15 the Post Office Department inaugurated the air mail route between Seattle and Los Angeles, which is the first of the contract air mail routes to be operated at night and the first to have a lighted airway. Beacons, similar to those in use in the government-operated transcontinental route, have been installed between Seattle and Portland and San Francisco and Los Angeles.
A seemingly steady stream of Wacos continues to come through from the factory of the Advance Aircraft Company at Troy, Ohio, a total of twenty planes having been sold by the Midwest Airways Corporation during the past seven months. It is expected that several more ships will be sold this season.
With more than 15,000 people looking on, “Miss Atlanta”, the first air mail plane, bringing as its cargo 10 pouches of mail, E. K. Large, Atlanta postmaster, and H. E. Ross, Jacksonville, Fla., postmaster, arrived at Candler Field Wednesday afternoon Sept. 15, at 3:25, 15 min. before its scheduled time, from Miami, Fla.
With the coming of Fall, passenger carrying has fallen off somewhat but practically all fliers at the various airports are still active and flying frequently. Business throughout the Summer has been very good and all operators are highly elated over the hundreds, yes thousands, of paid flights they have made.
The War Department contemplates a flight around South America by five Army Air Corps airplanes. The State Department has requested the various countries on the route of the proposed flight for permission to fly over their territory. Favorable replies have been received from some of them.
If the races for the Schneider Cup take place as scheduled, and the cup is permanently won by Italy or the United States, there is going to be a great opportunity for some donor to present a trophy which will carry on in the future, this most interesting contest.