AUTOMOBILE AND airplane engines embody the same principles of design and operation. In operation the automobile engine is subjected to strains due to gear shifting, letting in the clutch, hill climbing in high gear, chassis torsional strains and drive shocks due to bumpy roads.
THE RAPIDLY expanding air transport lines of Europe have been the subject of innumerble articles and studies during the last four years. Much has been written that has been the result of only superficial observation and has resulted in creating a very incorrect impression in the United States.
In the following table the distances in kilometers and miles are from place to place, no allowance being made for changed routes on account of weather, circling for take offs or landings, detours or other causes which add to the distance of flights..
The First Two Days of Air Racing in Philadelphia. Twohundred and Fifteen Entrants in the Nineteen Events.
EARLY IN the afternoon of Saturday, Sept. 4, with a thick overcast sky, which, however, later proved ideal for air racing, the National Air Races started at Model Farms Feld, Philadelphia, just Southwest of the SesquiCentennial Exposition grounds.
A special Air Mail service is being maintained between Philadelphia and New York during the National Air Races from Sept. 4 to 11. The object of the service is in order that the National Air Races may be kept in close touch with the night air mail to Chicago and the trans-Continental Air Mail service connecting with the feeder-line routes throughout the country.
The first seaplane meet to be held on the North Atlantic coast has been definitely scheduled at New Haven, Conn., Saturday, Sept. 25 by the Reserve Officers’ Association and the owners of the New Haven Air Terminal, Inc., who have had the arrangements in charge.
<p>THE ANNUAL Aeronautic Meeting of the Society of Automotive Engineers was held in Philadelphia, at the Bellevue-Stratford Hotel, on Sept. 2 and 3, when, during three technical sessions, many papers on aeronautical subjects of vital interest at this time were read by men well suited to discuss their respective topics.</p>
One of the many phases of the civil aeronautics program in progress in the Department of Commerce under the Hon. William P. MacCracken, Jr., Assistant Secretary, is the work being done by the Bureau of Standards on the development of radio aids for aircraft.
<p>THE NICHOLAS-BEAZLEY Airplane and Motor Company, of Marshall, Mo., long one of the leading aircraft manufacturing and supply firms in the Middle West, has recently produced a new commercial airplane known as the Nicholas-Beazley Standard J-l.</p>
The United States Civil Service Commission announces an open competitive examination for thte position of Associate Instrument Engineer. Applications must be on file at Washington, D. C., not later than Sept. 28. The examination is to fill a vacancy in the Air Service, McCook Field, Dayton, O., vacancies in the Bureau of Standards, Department of Commerce, Washington, D. C., and vacancies occurring in positions requiring similar qualifications.
The Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, Washington, announces domestic exports of aircraft and engines from the United States, for May and June, as follows : MAY Countries Germany ............ Soviet Russia in Europe Sweden .............
Announcement has been made by Postmaster General New that the Mexican Post Office Department has arranged with the U. S. Post Office Department to connect with the contract air mail service between Dallas and Fort Worth, Tex., and Chicago, 111.
The first airplane wheel with an integral brake to be placed in production is now being manufactured at Mt. Clemens, Mich., near Detroit, by the Sauzedde Wheel Co. The brake is the development and invention of Claude Sauzedde, who, after collaboration with several airplane manufacturers was told they favored the use of brakes if efficient apparatus could be provided.
The competition for multi-engine commercial seaplanes which was held the first week of August at Saint Raphaël, France, was won by a Météore flying boat fitted with three 180 hp. Hispano-Suiza engines. The machine, which was piloted by Mr. Burri, made the following performances: high speed, 160 kms. per hr; climb to 2000 m. altitude in 26 min.; flight with one engine stopped 2 hr. 10 min. carrying a pay load of 942 kg.
<p>The Ryan M-l monoplane which recently made a non-stop flight of 960 miles from Vancouver Field, Wash., to Los Angeles, Cal., carrying a useful load 320 lb., greater than it's own weight, made the trip in 8 hr. 50 min. A check of the gasoline showed that the plane could have continued to San Diego, 210 miles further, without using the 15 gal. reserve.</p>
The Lightweight Champion’s Record is the title of a bulletin published by the Haskelite Manufacturing Co., Chicago. The paper, which recently made its first appearance, will be devoted to news items listing the various industries which are using Haskelite and Plymetl, and each new application of these products to the industrial field will be recorded and explained.
The Kaess Aircraft Engineering Corp. is at present engaged in the manufacture of a seaplane, which is the beginning of an extensive commercial manufacturing program, to be undertaken in conjunction with such government work as can be secured.
Japan’s commercial aviation program calls for the expenditure of 20,000,000 yen, or about $9,600,000, according to advices to the Dept, of Commerce. It is stated that the Communications Office of the Japanese Government is preparing for submission to the next Diet, a bill granting 11,500,000 yen for the purpose of promoting the development of commercial aviation, and a further sum of 9,500,000 yen for the cost of opening air routes.
By the time this issue of AVIATION gets into the hands of its readers the National Air Races will have become history. There are a lot of standard comments that might be made about any air races and we are greatly tempted to use a few of them in this week’s stint, in spite of the fact that the races are still a few days off when this is being written.
<p>The British Colonial Office recently announced that approval has been given to the Khartoum-Kenya (Africa) aerial route and that service will be in operation within six months. The formation of this air route is generally regarded in South Africa as the initial move in the establishment of a transAfrica service.</p>
Irwin Airport has been the scene of considerable activity lately. Among some of the week end visitors was Pilot Warren of San Francisco who was enroute to Grass Valley in his Swallow. Mr. Warren had as his passengers Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Clark of the Standard Oil Co. “Sandy” Saunders of San Francisco was up for a few days recently in his Standard and as usual, had an attractive little lady passenger with him.
The arrival of the Tour planes was viewed by no less than 50,000 spectators, the only mishap of the entire event was when pilot Mummert’s plane overturned. Pilot Emerick, who is flying in East Cleveland, is carrying a large number of passengers.
The greatest ambition of a 90-year old woman was gratified recently in Rochester, N. Y., when Mrs. Anna Salomon of Auburn, N. Y., had her first ride in an airplane. Her grandson, Frank Salomon, accompanied Mrs. Salomon, who has 50 grandchildren and 15 great grandchildren.
To stimulate business on the Pasco, Wash.-Elko, Nev. contract air mail line No. 5, Frank P. Bell, traffic manager of the Walter T. Varney Company has sent 20,000 air mail letters to business houses of the Northwest, telling how the line can be used to big advantage.
1,500 Miles in One Day A round trip from Post Field, Fort Sill, Okla., to Chanute Field, Rantoul, I11., in one day, was recently made by Capt. R. H. Ballard, Air Corps. Leaving Post Field at about 5 a. m. to ferry Private Gregory to the Airplane Mechanics School at Chanute, Captain Ballard greatly surprised the inhabitants of the post by returning at about 7 p. m. He flew one of the new Douglas O-2 airplanes and made the outbound trip to Chanute Field, a distance of 700 miles, without stop, in 6 hr. and 20 min. Returning, he stopped for gasoline at Kansas City, and required a total of 7 hr. to reach the home airdrome, a distance of 800 miles. Last year, the same trip was attempted by Captain Ballard in a DH, but after 14 hr. of flying darkness forced a halt at Muskogee, Okla., on the return trip. The distance is about 1.500 miles. Thirty Air Officers Requested Transfers Thirty officers of the Air Service voluntarily transferred to other branches of the Army during the fiscal year ending June 30, the Dept, of War announces. This was the largest number of transfers from any branch of the Army. Eighty-seven officers were moved from one service to another during the year, the Signal Corps gaining more men in the transfer than any other branch. South American Flight A tentative list of pilots of Army airplanes, for the contemplated flight to South America, was announced Sept. 4. The list includes 10 Air Corps officers, headed by Maj. Herbert A. Dargue, office of the chief of the Air Corps, who would be in charge of the flight. The department explained, in connection with its announcement, that further details of the contemplated flight are contingent upon arrangements now being made by the Depart?nent of State with the South American countries over which the planes would fly. The ten pilots, tentatively chosen, in the proposed flight, are as follows : Maj. Herbert A. Dargue, Office, Chief of Air Service (In charge); Capt. Arthur B. McDaniel, Kelly Field; Capt. Ira C. Èaker, Office, Chief of Air Corps; Capt. Clinton F. Woolsey, McCook Field; 1st Lieut. Bernard S. Thompson, Phillips Field; 1st Lieut. Leonard D. Weddington, Fort Sam Houston ; 1st Lieut. Charles McK. Robinson, Foil Crockett ; 1st Lieut. Muir S. Fairchild, Langley Field; 1st Lieut. Ennis C. Whitehead, Wright Field; 1st Lieut. John W. Benton, Crissy Field. Navigating by Instruments Only Recently Lieutenants Schoeffel, Curtin and Sheehan of the Bureau of Aeronautics made a navigation flight to New York, Curtin navigating. The Bureau of Standards type sextant was used for celestial observations, the navigrapn and an experimental post.
Every traveler who returns from the other side of the Atlantic and who has flown over an appreciable number of the air lines of Europe is asked two questions by nearly everyone he meets. One is as to which is the most successful air line and the other is which is the best commercial airplane.