WITH the changes in the supervision of the Air Mail that have recently taken place there have been certain fears expressed that the service might be affected by curtailment and that the splendid work of the last few years would be pushed with less enthusiasm.
THE FIGHT for a proper recognition of aircraft in National Defense will have its first result with this session of Congress. Heretofore, it has been a hope, but now public opinion has been so aroused that it now demands action. The report of the Air Board, appointed by the President, can be best understood when the words of President Coolidge in appointing the Board are recalled.
IN A RECENT address in New York, President Coolidge referred to regulation in general as follows: “Regulation has often become restriction, and inspection has too frequently been little less than obstruction. This was the natural result of those times in the past when there were practices in business which warranted severe disapprobation.
AT THIS TIME with the entire aeronautic situation of the country in an unsettled condition and at the eve of pending reforms of one nature or another, it would appear to be a safe policy to with-hold all comment on recently published advance reports in the daily newspapers relating to the recommendations to be made by both the President’s Air Board and the Lampert Committee.
Colonel Mitchell on Witness Stand Upholds His Former Contentions and Forcefully Elaborates Upon Many Former Statements
WITH THE virtual termination of the testimony by witnesses in behalf of Col. William Mitchell before his court martial, the court reassembled on Nov. 23 after a recess over the week end and Colonel Mitchell, himself, took the stand. Having been informed by Colonel Winship, the law member of the court, that, under court martial regulations, the defendent could, as he chose, either remain silent, testify under oath or merely make a statement, which would be considered by the court, Colonel Mitchell, after consultation with Mr. Reid, his counsel, decided to take the oath and testify, at which Mr. Reid commenced questioning him.
Chief of Army Air Service Urges Separate Air Corps and Budget
THE ANNUAL report of the Chief of Air Service for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1925, has been made to the War Department. Extracts and the main recommendations and comments are printed below: Summary of Estimates and Allotments When I submitted estimates for this year, I gave $43,486,000 as the minmum sum which would be sufficient to replace worn-out or obsolete war stocks and provide the full amount of equipment as authorized by Tables of Organization for the Air Service as now constituted and to permit its efficient operation.
With-holds Aviation Recommendations Until President’s Air Board Reports
SECRETARY Dwight F. Davis, in the Annual Report to the President makes a strong plea for better housing conditions for the Army. He writes: “No graver problem faces the War Department today than that of providing adequate shelter. The officers commanding units in the field are in constant dread of the outbreak of a conflagration in groups of temporary wooden buildings which are being used for housing purposes; even greater than the apprehension of the outbreak of fire in quarters and barracks is their dread of a serious fire in the temporary wooden structures which, in cantonments and posts throughout the country, have of necessity been converted into hospitals.
Ford Tour Raises Question of Load Carrying Requirements in Contests
AN INTERESTING point has been raised by the Fokker Company regarding the loads carried on the Ford Reliability Tour. The criticism was forwarded to the Contest Committee of the N.A.A. and the Detroit officials. Their replies bring out many points that may have a hearing on this contest next year.
NIGHT aerial advertising has long been recognized as a highly desirable medium of bringing to the attention of the public any article whose trade name it was desired to broadcast. It has been repeatedly tried but proved to fail, due to the incorrect application of the principles involved.
Commander Scaroni was born in Brescia, Italy, in 1893. He was licensed as aviation pilot in 1915 and served in the World War, for the first two years as pilot of a scouting plane and, for the last nine months, as pilot of a pursuit plane. During these nine months he brought down 30 Austrian and German planes and in the last combat he was wounded.
“Today’s mail brings the issue of AVIATION of November 16th, in which the brilliant “Cy” waxes more sarcastic than humorous. He seems to resent the association with aviation of anyone who does not know how to loop-the-loop. His particular object of attack seems to be the National Aeronautic Association.
It is popularly supposed that Europe is far ahead of us in commercial aviation. This is only partly true. It is a fact that Europe is practically covered with a network of airlines, whereas we have none. But commercial aviation depends also upon the aircraft industry, and, in that, we are not so far behind.
Capt. Alan Cobliam, the British commercial pilot, started from London on Monday, November 16, to fly to Cape Town, the southernmost point of Africa. The trip will cover more than 8,000 miles in the air. Most of it will be above territory never flown over before—over almost unknown and forbidding mountain ranges and dense jungles, where landing may be a matter of deadly peril.
Leon A. Swirbul, who, for the last five years has been an inspector in the Army Air Service, and who, prior to that time was with the Thomas Morse Aircraft Company at Ithaca, N. Y., has joined the Loening Aeronautical Engineering Corporation, where he will be in charge of the Company’s inspection work.
In a paper on “Welding of Carbon and Alloy Steel Tubing for Aircraft”, read before the International Acetylene Association at Chicago, Nov. 18, J. B. Johnson, Chief Materials Section, Engineering Division, Army Air Service, Dayton, Ohio, brought out the interesting fact that all of the new designs of airplanes used by the United States Army, from the smallest 2,200 lb. racer to the 12,000 lb. bomber, have welded steel fuselages.
The Aviation Show, to be held in Mechanics Building, Boston, on Dec. 2—5, continues to be the most important aeronautical event on the schedule in Boston. Much interest is being shown from all sides and it is expected that the show will be largely attended.
Again the local Ex-Air Service men had the opportunity of celebrating Armistice Day. They participated in the manner and with the zeal, which was so well established on that same memorable day of 1918. Lt. James H. Doolittle helped the Aero Club of Pittsburgh perpetuate this annual reunion, by flying over from McCook Field in the morning.
An organization is being formed in Westchester County, N. Y., with the object of recruiting enough fans to provide a landing field in the vicinity of White Plains. A field is being improved, from which considerable flying was done successfully this season.
On Nov. 9, Phoenix, Arizona, dedicated a new landing field. Capt. Lowell Smith, Lieut. Leslie Arnold, Col. Graham and others from Rockwell Field, San Diego, Cal., flew in for the dedication. The field is situated five miles due west of the city of Phoenix and consists of 160 aeres.
A number of officers from Kelly Field attended the opening of Rich Field at Waco, Texas, on October 28th, and were guests of the Waco Flying Club and the Chamber of Commerce. The new field is up-to-date in all respects and has oil and gas of government specifications.
<p>An airline operating on the Pacific Coast bewteen Los Angeles and San Diego which bids fair to develop into a larger and more prosperous business venture is the Ryan Airlines, Inc., owned by Lieut. T. C. Ryan, Air Service Reserve Corps, and Mr. B. F. Mahoney.</p>
The August 31st issue of AVIATION contained an item regarding the establishment on Lake Winnepesaukee in New Hampshire of the first Rural Free Delivery Air Mail route in the United States. After several weeks of operation the success of the route was evident.
On Nov. 12, Raby Field, Pascagoula, Miss., was officially dedicated with appropriate ceremonies. This field is situated 1½ miles N.E. of Pascagoula, on a concrete highway. It is approximately 1,500 ft. x 1,500 ft. and the corners are marked with a white “L”.
The Dayton Airways Co., which is located at the Air City Flying Park on Brandt Pike, one mile N.E. of McCook Field, Dayton, Ohio, has a north and south runway of 2,500 ft. and an east and west runway of 2,000 ft. The work done at the field includes passenger carrying, express service, photographic work and student instruction.
The Queensland and northern territory Aerial Services Limited of Longreach, Queensland, Australia, announce their operations for the month were carried out with the usual regularity and passengers enjoyed their trips under sunny Western Queensland winter conditions.
A recent organization is the Chula Vista Aeronautic Club, located approximately 14 miles south of San Diego. The club is made up of several experienced fliers and a good number of others, who wish to learn how to fly. Officers who were chosen at the first meeting are Joe Crosson, president, who has spent considerable time in general flying and instruction work; Dan Burnett, vice president, who also is an apt flyer and Rollie Tyce, secretary.
While the Round-the-World fliers and the MacMillan expedition have been getting front page stuff on all the daily papers, Noel Wien, a commercial flier, has, for two summers, been quietly developing civilian aviation in regions further North than those reached by the World Fliers.
One of the most important experiments of recent years, looking to the advancement of photography as a means of revealing enemy secrets in time of war, was recently carried out with complete success. Announcement has come from the Kodak Park laboratories of the Eastman Kodak Company that Army tests made over Rochester on the night of Nov. 20, using a Martin bomber and fifty pounds of flashlight powder, had produced remarkably clear photographs and that the result had exceeded The pictures taken from the airplane with seven especially designed aerial cameras and a motion-picture machine were developed and printed in the laboratories under the direction of Lieut.
Usually, when AVIATION has given so much space to National aeronautic policies as it has recently, a few letters have been received expressing the hope that more technical articles could be published and the Washington situation avoided.